【目的】 了解目前我国代表性医学学术期刊的论文发表偏倚情况,为我国医学期刊相关办刊政策的制订提供参考。【方法】 调查《中文核心期刊要目总览(2014年版)》医药、卫生类各学科排名第一的16种期刊,考察它们的论文发表偏倚情况,并分析发表偏倚产生的原因、影响,并提出相应的对策。【结果】 16种期刊都存在不同程度的发表偏倚。发表偏倚的产生是多因素造成的。发表偏倚会对循证医学实践、临床工作和科学研究产生负面影响。减少发表偏倚需要研究者、审稿专家、期刊编辑和基金资助者的共同参与。期刊作为连接各方的纽带,对减少发表偏倚发挥着关键作用。【结论】 发表偏倚是客观存在的。学术期刊应通过培训提高科研人员素质、规范并改进审稿和录用流程、保持编辑角色的公正性和独立性、以实际行动呼吁理性认识等减少发表偏倚。
[Purposes] This study aims to understand the publication bias of representative medical academic journals in China and to provide references for the formulation of relevant publication policies of medical journals in China. [Methods] Sixteen journals of Chinese Core Journal Catalogue (2014 Edition) ranked first in medical and health disciplines were investigated, and their publication biases were investigated. The state, causes, effects, and countermeasures of publication bias were analyzed. [Findings] There are different levels of publication biases in all 16 journals. Publication bias is caused by many factors. Publication bias has a negative impact on evidence-based medicine practice, clinical work, and scientific research. Reducing publication bias requires the participation of researchers, reviewers, editors, and fund sponsors. As a link between all parties, journals play a key role in reducing publication bias. [Conclusions] Publishing bias exists objectively. Academic journals should improve the quality of scientific researchers through training, standardize and improve the process of reviewing and recruiting manuscripts, maintain the impartiality and independence of editors, and call for rational understanding through practical actions to reduce publication bias.
"Cardiac stem cell" event