[Purposes] This paper investigates the origin and development of the Subscribe to Open (S2O) model and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of this model compared with other publishing models, aiming to give insights into the transformation and development of Chinese subscription journals in the wave of open access. [Methods] We performed literature research, comparative analysis, and case study to analyze the development status of the S2O model and the advantages and disadvantages of this model compared with other open access models. Furthermore, we investigated the feasibility of the S2O model in the transformation of subscription journals to open access by taking the practice of the EDP Sciences as an example. [Findings] Considering the transformation experience of the EDP Sciences using the S2O model, we find that the S2O model is favorable for the transformation of subscription journals, as it offers more flexibility and freedom to the journals and eases their reliance on external financial support. Moreover, the S2O model is in line with the spirit of open science, providing support for a wider range of researchers, especially those in underfunded areas. [Conclusions] In the development of open science and open access, some Chinese subscription journals are also seeking transformation. In addition to the main open access model, the S2O model is also a good choice. The adoption of emerging open access models helps Chinese journals to go global and raise their voice in the global communication of open science.
[Purposes] The EDP Sciences in France has been piloting the Subscribe to Open (S2O) model since 2020. This article systematically explores the implementation process and results of the S2O model, aiming to provide ideas and case references for the open access transformation of academic journals. [Methods] We employed literature research, online survey, and statistical analysis to analyze the background, timeline, publishing cost, subscription revenue, and other aspects of the S2O model in detail. [Findings] The S2O program receives funding and support from institutions and funds such as the French Society for Mathematical Applications and Industry, the Joint Information Systems Committee, the Knowledge Unlatched, and the French National Fund for Open Science. According to the transparency report released by the EDP Sciences, the subscription revenue of three S2O journals increases and that of three journals remains stable in 2022 compared with 2020. The data suggest that all the six journals piloting the S2O model in 2021 and 2022 have successfully realized open access. [Conclusions] As an alternative and revolutionary diamond open access model, S2O has been recognized by the global academic publishing community, and more and more journals and publishers are adopting this model. Open access is also the development direction of academic publishing in China, and some journal portfolios of acceptable scale have been formed. While fully surveying the willingness of subscribers, the journal portfolios well-renowned in the publishing industry can learn from the pilot experience of the EDP Sciences and try to replace article processing charge with the S2O model to reduce the economic burden on authors.
[Purposes] This study investigates the practices of open science engagement of overseas academic publishers, aiming to provide references for similar practices of academic publishers in China. [Methods] The online survey and literature review were employed to reveal the publishing practices of ten overseas academic publishers, with focuses on their practices and open access publishing modes regarding scientific journals, scholarly monographs, research data, and peer review. [Findings] These publishers mainly adopt gold open access, although the proportion of open resources varies. The financial operations for open access publishing revolve around resource processing charges, with innovative explorations in sustainable open access publishing practices such as collective payments and crowdfunding. Flexible open access policies have been implemented to synchronize the open access of ancillary research outcomes such as scientific data and peer review reports, thus enriching the academic exchange ecosystem. Furthermore, these publishers have leveraged resource platforms to integrate a variety of open resources, facilitating user access and utilization. [Conclusions] Chinese academic publishers should adapt to the trend of open science development by restructuring the publishing operations, deepening the open access publishing of journals, and adopting diverse forms of research outputs opening. Author-centered services should be promoted to meet the open access publishing demands of authors. The inter-departmental collaboration network that integrates content, funding, publishing services, and resource platforms should be built to enhance the collective efficiency of open access publishing.
[Purposes] This paper explores the mechanism of the journal preprint policy, grasps the policy path of the collaborative development of journals and preprints, promotes the organic linkage between academic journals and preprints, and provides a basis for the formulation of relevant guidelines and normative policies for journals. [Methods] Based on grounded theory, this paper summarized the categories and built models of the preprint policies of 120 journals, sorted out the mechanism of their action on the academic exchange behavior of authors in preprint, and analyzed the interaction mechanism of each module. [Findings] One story line, three scenarios (main categories), nine categories, and 25 concepts of the action mechanism of journal preprint policy on the exchange behavior of authors in preprint are summarized, and a "policy-scenario-behavior" integrated model of the action mechanism of journal preprint policy is constructed. [Conclusions] It is suggested that journals should pay attention to improving the policy environment and increasing the willingness of authors to contribute to the preprint, promoting collaborative service and cultivating preprint behavior literacy of authors, and advocating credible communication and stipulating the responsibility of preprint communication during preprint policy formulation.
[Purposes] In order to cope with the challenges brought by open science to academic journals, this paper proposes to construct a new model of open publishing and academic exchange and operate it with platform thinking, so as to provide theoretical suggestions and practical references for the development of Chinese academic journals in the context of open science. [Methods] By using literature research, network analysis, case analysis, speculative research, and other methods, this paper summarized the current situation and problems of open science practice in Chinese academic journals. Then, based on system analysis, it proposed to construct a new model of open publishing and academic exchange and operate it with platform thinking. [Findings] In the specific open science practice of Chinese academic journals, there are shortcomings such as the lack of establishment of a diversified publishing pattern, the emphasis on communication channel construction rather than knowledge content service, the arduous task of open peer review, and insufficient operational thinking of academic journal platforms. [Conclusions] The new mode of publishing and academic exchange of Chinese academic journals operated with platform thinking includes the main functions of a diversified integrated publishing platform, open academic exchange system, and support services for the whole process of scientific research.
[Purposes] This paper investigates the professional development of journals sponsored by "Double First-Class" universities from 2017 to 2021, aiming to provide a reference for the professional transformation of Chinese scientific journals sponsored by universities. [Methods] The China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), journal websites, and new media platforms were searched for the publishing information, number of total articles published during 2017-2021, number of articles written by authors serving the corresponding universities, special columns/issues, publishing platforms, and staff of 156 scientific journals sponsored by 147 "Double First-Class" universities. With the obtained data, the professional transformation paths of the journals sponsored by "double first-class" universities were analyzed. [Findings] In 2017-2021, the "Double First-Class" initiative brought opportunities for the development of academic journals. The journals sponsored by the universities achieve professional transformation by adjusting journal orientation, special columns and issues, publishing platforms, and professional talents. These measures help to highlight the professional characteristics and improve the influences of the journals. [Conclusions] We propose a "discipline+" path for the professional transformation of journals sponsored by universities. By deeply integrating disciplines in various aspects such as the orientation, content, platform, and talents, these journals can develop relying on discipline development and meanwhile promote discipline progress, thus enhancing their professional influences.
[Purposes] This paper aims to explore the problems and obstacles in the process of exercising the reviewers' academic discourse rights and the enhancement strategies, so as to provide a reference for optimizing the peer review mechanism. [Methods] This paper systematically sorted out the review process, clarified the rights and obligations of each subject, established a model for the operation mechanism of reviewers' academic discourse rights, and proposed optimization strategies for the current situation of reviewers' academic discourse rights. [Findings] The model proposed in this paper can effectively simulate the peer review process under the ideal state, which provides a clear perspective for the in-depth examination of the game process of different players competing for academic discourse rights and provides an opportunity to find strategies to enhance the academic discourse right of reviewers. [Conclusions] The establishment of a standardized peer review process and a perfect incentive mechanism can provide better protection for reviewers to exercise their academic discourse rights, accelerate the formation of a sound academic ecology, and promote academic prosperity.
[Purposes] Based on big data technology, the peer review mode of scientific journals is optimized, so as to improve the efficiency and quality of peer review and promote objective, efficient, and high-quality development. [Methods] Firstly, the paper analyzed some difficulties and problems faced by peer review from three perspectives: authors, editors, and experts. Then, according to the objectives and needs of peer review, it put forward the measures to optimize the peer review mode of scientific journals by using big data technology. [Findings] By using the advantages of big data technology, namely large scale, sufficiency, and fast speed, the paper proposes to build a "wide, fast, and complete" review expert database and implement the stepped dynamic management, establish a credit evaluation system of peer review experts, promote the review mechanism of interactive feedback, perfect diversified reward mechanisms, and strengthen the collaboration and communication between editors and experts. [Conclusions] The peer review mode of scientific journals can be further optimized by big data technology, and the scientific, efficient, and fair development of peer review can be strengthened.
[Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the main characteristic of application and future improvement strategies of case analysis method in academic journal research. [Methods] Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals was used as the data source, and case analysis papers published from 2015 to 2022 were collected and statistically described from five dimensions: research orientation, type of cases, number of cases, data sources, and analysis style. [Findings] Among the existing journal case studies, descriptive research is far more than explanatory research, and the case types are diverse, but the distribution of types is not balanced enough. Single case studies account for a larger proportion, and observation data and textual data are used more than interview data. Quantitative and qualitative analysis styles are relatively balanced. [Conclusions] Future journal case studies should emphasize theoretical construction and strengthen explanatory research, emphasize interview data and actively broaden data acquisition channels, and emphasize experimental methods and improve the level of analysis.
[Purposes] In the context of media integration, a feasible media integration communication strategy for scientific journals has been summarized, with a view to enabling scientific journals to serve academic users with a more proactive attitude, more rich and convenient functions, and more diverse communication forms and channels, thereby improving the integrated media communication ability of scientific journals. [Methods] Based on the concept of meeting the academic needs of users, this paper analyzed the challenges and opportunities faced by the integrated media communication of scientific journals and conducted research on the specific content and effectiveness of The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals in the integrated media communication practice case. [Findings] A highly universal communication strategy for scientific journals has been proposed from four dimensions: service, platform, content, and efficiency. [Conclusions] Enhancing service awareness, building communication platforms, optimizing communication content, and improving communication efficiency are important means to enhance the communication capacity and academic services of scientific journals. They can expand the influence of scientific journals and achieve high-quality communication of scientific journals.
[Purposes] This paper aims to investigate the problems existing in the thematic publishing of Chinese scientific journals, so as to give full play to the role of thematic publishing and provide measures for improving the publishing capacity of Chinese scientific journals. [Methods] A questionnaire was designed to survey the authors of the thematic publications of Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. The questionnaire involved the questions about the satisfaction degrees on the publication process and post-publication promotion and collected the opinions and suggestions on the thematic publishing. According to the survey results, the existing problems in thematic publishing were summarized, and the methods for addressing these problems were put forward. [Findings] The five themes of articles published by Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics involve the hot areas in pharmacy, with a wide ranges of author sources. The non-public commissioning and the commissioning of manuscripts by experts have the problems of unrecognized commissioning information, limited knowledge about the journal, and not in time communication with the editorial office. The peer review of some experts has low quality and is overtime. The promotion methods are not diversified enough, and the collaborative promotion by the editorial office and authors has not yet been popularized. In addition, the services of the editorial office and the sustainability of thematic publishing remain to be improved. [Conclusions] We should advance thematic publishing by employing multiple methods for commissioning manuscripts, standardizing the commissioning information of manuscripts, strengthening cooperation with authors and academic communities for promotion, providing thematic supporting services, and changing service concepts, so as to build up the publishing capacity and improve the influence of Chinese scientific journals.
[Purposes] Academic journals serve as crucial carriers and compasses for the prosperity of national science and technology. Innovating the operation approaches of academic journals empowers their functional positioning, thereby facilitating the rapid development of disciplines. Existing studies have been limited to defining the leading function of academic journals within the context of their dissemination function, thus neglecting the independent agency of academic journals within the academic community and failing to address their proactive role in exercising academic leadership. [Methods] This research, from the perspective of journal operations, described the practical cases of the transformation of case research in the Journal of Public Management in the field of public administration. [Findings] It reveals the internal and external influencing factors and causal mechanisms of the leadership function of academic journals, explores various operation approaches based on the strength of exerting academic leadership functions, and establishes an operational model for academic journal leadership. [Conclusions] This study expands the theoretical research on the functional positioning of academic journals and provides references for promoting the high-level development of academic journals.
[Purposes] Scientific papers published in China and abroad by Chinese researchers are analyzed to provide decision-making support for management personnel at all levels. [Methods] Based on authoritative databases, such as Science Citation Index (SCI), Ei Compendex, Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science, Scopus, MEDLINE, Social Science Citation Index, and Chinese Scientific and Technical Papers and Citation Database, the number, discipline, and region distribution of excellent scientific papers and scientific papers in China, papers of fund projects, international coauthored papers, and Chinese social science papers were analyzed. [Findings] The number of excellent scientific papers in China is 595.8 thousand in 2022, up 24.0% from 2021. According to SCI, Chinese authors have produced about 735.6 thousand papers indexed by SCI in 2022. Chinese papers are cited 67.48 million times from 2013 to August 2023, increasing 18.3% compared with that in 2022 and ranking second in the world. On average, each Chinse paper is cited 15.19 times, increasing by 5.9% compared with that in 2022, but it is lower than the international average, which is 15.85 times per paper. [Conclusions] The number of Chinese scientific papers and the improvement of paper impact have increased rapidly in recent years, but the average cited frequency of each paper is still behind the international average.
[Purposes] This study aims to analyze the relationship between impact factors and the article processing charges (APC) of Elsevier's open access medical journals, providing reference data for pricing and management of similar open access journals in China. [Methods] A search was conducted on the Elsevier website. As of May 29, 2023, there had been 1180 open access medical journals. Journals with complete APC and impact factor data (623 valid entries) were selected. 623 data entries were classified for comparative analysis based on impact factor distribution. Additionally, comparisons were made between fully open access and hybrid open access journals. Correlations between impact factors and APC were studied, with individual interpretations for data not following typical patterns. [Findings] The APC has a linear positive correlation with the impact factor in 95% of the journals. However, the APC of five journals of Cell Press deviates from linear pattern. Hybrid journals had higher average APC and lower average impact factor than fully open access journals. [Conclusions] In Elsevier's open access medical journals, as the impact factor increases, the APC also gradually increases. The journal brand is an important factor in the pricing of APC. The results suggest that the pricing of APC of a journal should consider impact factors, and the journal management needs to balance the APC and impact factors in their strategies.
[Purposes] This paper aims to determine the differences between China and the United States in terms of the number and influence of open access (OA) papers from 2013 to 2022 and put forward the suggestions for the development of Chinese OA papers at this stage, so as to promote the development of open science. [Methods] Using the InCites database, the paper analyzed relevant indicators of OA papers in China and the United States from 2013 to 2022. It counted the number of OA papers published by researchers in both countries, their types, disciplinary distribution, and citation-related indicators of paper influence. Comparative analysis was conducted using bibliometric methods. [Findings] The number and proportion of Chinese OA papers are comparable to those in the United States, but the distribution of types is less balanced. In terms of disciplinary distribution, the number of OA papers in the fields of medicine and life sciences far exceeds other disciplines. In terms of influence, China lags behind the United States, both in the number of highly cited papers and CNCI index. [Conclusions] The development of OA papers in China is imbalanced in terms of types and disciplines. In the future, it is necessary to build an OA platform, strictly control the quality of OA papers, and improve the relevant system.
[Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the patterns and applications of knowledge diffusion among journals, so as to promote the comprehensive development of journals and provide a new perspective for the positioning and development planning of journals. [Methods] By literature research and content analysis, we reviewed the articles on knowledge diffusion among journals at home and abroad and systematically analyzed the paths and measurement indicators of knowledge diffusion among journals. [Findings] On the basis of clarifying the concept of knowledge diffusion, we reviewed the studies on knowledge diffusion among journals in terms of diffusion paths, measurement indicators, and applications, and summarized the internal evolution paths and laws in the diffusion process. [Conclusions] In the future, multidisciplinary theoretical methods and multilayer network building can be combined to optimize the knowledge diffusion model with consideration to multi-dimension influencing mechanism based on the existing theories. Furthermore, the influence of citation content on the degree of diffusion should be considered in the optimization of the existing indicators for comprehensively measuring the diffusion phenomenon.
[Purposes] In order to improve the quality of manuscript sources and realize the benign and sustainable development of scientific journals in textile and clothing, this paper puts forward the classification construction strategies for different types of authors. [Methods] With the authors of Journal of Clothing Research as an example, Price's Law, index calculation method, and mixed selection method were used to quantitatively analyze the number of articles published by all authors of Journal of Clothing Research from 2016 to 2022 and calculate their influence on the journal. This paper divided them into four categories: core authors, enterprising authors, potential authors, and growth authors, and put forward targeted classification construction strategies. [Findings] Authors with published articles of ≥3 and an influence index of ≥5 are the core authors of Journal of Clothing Research; those with published articles of ≥3 and an influence index of ≤-5 are the enterprising authors. Authors with one published article and an influence index of ≥5 are potential authors, while those with one published article and an influence index of ≤-5 are growth authors. Editors can carry out the classification construction of author groups and improve the quality of manuscript sources by maintaining core authors, providing services to enterprising authors, expanding potential authors, and cultivating growth authors. [Conclusions] The construction of author group classification is not only an important strategy to cultivate the author team and improve the quality of papers in scientific journals, but also an important link to promote the high-quality development of scientific journals. Scientific journals in textile and clothing need to pay attention to the construction of author teams, establish a solid foundation for the development of journals, and enhance their academic leadership abilities in the industry.