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  • 15 October 2022, Volume 33 Issue 10 
      
    • Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1303. 
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    • Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1304. 
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    • ZHAO Yang, ZHANG Zhixiong
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1305-1312.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202210110771
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the innovative functions and future development direction of current international preprint platforms, and provide references for the development of preprint platforms in China. [Methods] We summarized and sorted out the functional innovations of international preprint platforms in community cooperation, preprint evaluation, editing services, and review methods. Then, we analyzed the specific innovative services of each platform based on the conventional functions. [Findings] The five functional innovations of current international preprint platforms were building an innovative cooperation community model, integrating multi-party academic communication and discussion window, helping authors improve their papers, promoting open review of papers, and providing scientific evaluations. [Conclusions] This paper summarizes and analyzes the current trend of innovative functions of international preprint platforms and provides suggestions for the functional development and construction of preprint platforms in China, hoping to enhance the role of preprints in China's academic communication.

    • ZHU Jiali, ZHANG Zhixiong
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1313-1320.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202210110772
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to study the rights of key participants in the preprint scholarly communication system and put forward suggestions for the construction of the preprint scholarly communication system in China. [Methods] Based on the rights policies from six preprint platforms (arXiv, bioRxiv, ChemRxiv, Research Square, SSRN, and F1000 Research) and related scientific journals and funding programs, this paper analyzed and sorted out the main rights of preprint authors, preprint platforms, preprint readers, scientific journals, and preprint funders, and proposed suggestions for building a corresponding system in China. [Findings] This paper summarized seven rights of preprint authors, four of preprint platforms, four of preprint readers, three of scientific journals, and two of preprint funders. [Conclusions] In the construction of the preprint scholarly communication system, China should emphasize the formulation and display of rights policies during the construction of preprint platforms, promote cooperation between scientific journals and preprint platforms based on a reasonable division of their rights, encourage funders such as funding projects to form and promote preprint rights policies, and improve the knowledge of Chinese researchers about the rights norms of preprint scholarly communication.

    • LI Xuesi, ZHANG Zhixiong
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1321-1331.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202210110773
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      [Purposes] This article explores the participants and their specific roles in preprint ecology, to provide reference for the construction of preprint ecology in China. [Methods] The study investigated the ecology of specific scholarly communication in three typical preprint platforms, arXiv, bioRxiv, and SSRN, via ecological role analysis. On this basis, we analyzed the specific participants in the preprint ecology and their roles. Then, the preprint ecological model was established, and we expounded the function of each participant according to the model. [Findings] Five types of participants and eight ecological roles were summarized in the preprint ecology. Each participant played different roles and made different contributions. [Conclusions] Scholarly communication of preprint is dominated by the scientific community. All participants play important roles in construction of preprint ecology. In view of the immanture preprint ecology in China, all paticipants should actively assume their responsibilities to promote the construction and development of a new ecology of scholarly communication in China.

    • WANG Juan, LIU Tianxing
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1332-1340.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202204240316
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      [Purposes] This paper investigates the "integration of editing and research" among academic journals and analyzes the feasible paths, which is expected to boost the scientific research and competence of academic journal editors. [Methods] Through questionnaire survey and case analysis, we probed into the status quo of the "integration of editing and research" among academic journal editors, the favorable conditions, and the unfavorable conditions. In addition, another questionnaire was designed to investigate the willingness of scholars to participate in the editing of academic journals. Four typical editorial offices of academic journals and two editors were selected as examples for the deep analysis of the feasibility of the integration. [Findings] (1) Most academic journal editors have participated in scientific research and the majority has recognized the necessity of scientific research. However, more efforts should be made to enhance the research. As for the favorable conditions for the integration, many a respondent claimed that scientific research was beneficial to the editing and their self-development, and many editors thought interest was the major driver of the research. The heavy workload and limited spare time are the major culprits that restrict the research, followed by the lack of professionals. (2) About half of the scholars want to be part-time editors of journals. (3) The support of supervisors and organizers can promote the integration. [Conclusions] It is necessary and feasible to integrate scientific research in academic journals. Efforts should be made by supervisors and organizers to support the scientific research of editors and editors themselves should make full use of favorable conditions for the research. In addition, journals should encourage scholars to join the editorial team, so as to enhance the integration.

    • CAI Peiyan, YU Hongyan
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1341-1351.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202204060250
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      [Purposes] This paper analyzes the development of Russian academic journals, summarizes the obstacles in the exchange and cooperation of Chinese and Russian academic journals, and puts forward suggestions to deepen the cooperation of academic journals between the two countries. [Methods] Literature research and network research were employed to investigate the development of Russian academic journals, particularly the publication, communication system, author groups, relevant legislation, and internationalization. [Findings] The exchange of academic journals between China and Russia faces the challenges in policy, language, accessibility, writing, and submission of manuscript. [Conclusions] It is necessary for the competent departments of the two countries to formulate a unified evaluation system for the academic community and establish a branded academic journal exchange platform. Chinese journals should build a professional editorial team and explore diversified communication methods.

    • LIU Bing
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1352-1357.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202204240319
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      [Purposes] This paper introduces the organizational design and implementation characteristics of the Editing Competition for Young Editors of Scientific Journals (hereinafter referred to as the competition), and discusses the improvement measures of the competition. [Methods] The design and operation process of the competition held from 2017 to 2020 and 2022 were analyzed, so as to provide reference for domestic editing competitions. [Findings] The competition has unique characteristics, which promotes exchanges among editors on different disciplines, in different fields, and of journals in different languages. It involves professional knowledge as well as practical work, which is rigorous and lively. [Conclusions] The impact of the competition can be further enhanced by involving multiple associations, optimizing the design, expanding the scope of participants, and adding editorial research section.

    • SUN Donghua, SHEN Jie, FU Chengyao, WAN Xiaoyan, WANG Qi, LIU Tong, HE Ping, ZHU Yana
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1358-1364.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202205040344
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      [Purposes] With the aid of machine-reviewing platform, this paper aims to standardize the four-cover editing and typesetting of scientific journals supervised by Chinese Academy of Sciences, which is expected to promote the digitalization of four-cover reviewing and improve the quality of the four-cover editing and typesetting of scientific journals in China. [Methods] On the basis of literature research and the "Reviewing Form for Four-cover Editing and Typesetting", the four-cover reviewing questionnaire was designed and then modified according to the suggestions of experts. The questionnaire was uploaded to the machine-reviewing platform and the editing and typesetting of four covers of the scientific journals published in 2020 were reviewed and analyzed. [Findings] The following problems of Chinese journals were found: no publishing month or publishing unit on the front cover, and no contact of the publishing unit on the copyright page. For English journals, no page of contents was observed, and the copyright page had co-sponsors but no price. Compared with Chinese journals or English journals, journals in both English and Chinese had few problems in the editing and typesetting of four covers. [Conclusions] The machine-reviewing platform simplifies the reviewing, promotes the digitalization of the four-cover reviewing of scientific journals, and enhances the standardization of the four-cover arrangement of scientific journals.

    • ZHENG Zhenzhen, YANG Zhihua
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1365-1370.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202204130279
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      [Purposes] This article focuses on the planning, solicitation, and publication of Chinese reviews, aiming to provide a reference for Chinese scientific journals to promote the quality and achieve sustainable development. [Methods] We applied the experience summary method and the case study method to analyze the practice of Scientia Sinica Mathematica in planning, soliciting, and publishing Chinese reviews from 2012 to 2021. [Findings] Through the efforts of the editorial board and the editorial office, Scientia Sinica Mathematica attracted many high-quality reviews from experts in China and abroad. [Conclusions] Chinese reviews can help enhance the number of contributions, academic quality, and influence of scientific journals. Moreover, through the reviews, scholars can quickly gain an insight into the research progress in related fields and furthermore promote scientific research.

    • HU Jinfu
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1371-1377.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202204240318
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      [Purposes] This paper explores the strategies for preventing and controlling academic misconducts in academic journals, which is expected to provide a reference for improving the governance of academic misconducts. [Methods] Based on management control theory, the system for preventing and handling academic misconducts in the early, middle, and late stages of publication were analyzed. Through network research and literature analysis, the strategies of Library and Information Service for the three stages were summarized. [Findings] Library and Information Service emphasizes the early education and guidance to strengthen academic integrity and self-discipline, strictly controls the editing and publishing process with clear responsibility for each relevant subject, and checks academic misconducts with severe punishment. [Conclusions] Journals can enhance the prevention and handling of academic misconducts by establishing a system for sharing information on academic misconducts among journals, optimizing the whole-process control of article processing, adopting measures to incentivize editors, and making full use of technology.

    • LIU Chuang, KU Liping, WAN Yijia
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1378-1385.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202207290572
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      [Purposes] Based on the overview of J-Stage and the languages of Japanese scientific journals, this paper analyzes the implementation of J-Stage services and the role of the platform in the development of Japanese scientific journals, which is expected to serve as a reference for the development of Chinese journals. [Methods] With the prospective study method, the status quo of the J-Stage, including the platform architecture, organizations, and functions, were analyzed and the language classification of Japanese scientific journals was dissected. [Findings] J-Stage integrates national academic journal resources, adopts public welfare operation mechanism, emphasizes user experience, continuously updates services, and docks with international standards, which can serve as a reference for journal platforms in China. [Conclusions] J-Stage promotes the development of multilingual scientific journals in Japan and improves their international influence. As the infrastructure for the development of journals, national scientific journal platform should have a forward-looking guiding role and lean management capabilities.

    • XING Mengying, ZHU Yao, YANG Shihua
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1386-1391.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202209200715
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      [Purposes] This paper explores the knowledge service practice of medical journals, which is expected to serve as a reference for innovative science communication of the journals. [Methods] Taking National Medical Journal of China as an example, the methods of case study and literature research were used for analysis. [Findings] Via continuing medical education, WeChat, press conference on important articles, and database, and methods like publishing online first, print-on-demand, and open access, National Medical Journal of China has created knowledge services for diversified scenarios and integrated various communication channels, thus providing the science community and common readers with excellent knowledge service. [Conclusions] With science communication as mission, knowledge service of medical journals should promote the dissemination of knowledge among scientific community and common readers.

    • YE Xiyan, LIU Wei, HOU Chunmei, CHANG Zongqiang, ZHANG Jinghui, PANG Yu
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1392-1397.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202204080260
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      [Purposes] This paper explores a universal coding scheme for independent page number of Chinese scientific journals, which is expected to serve as reference for digital development of the journals. [Methods] Literature research, case analysis, and comparative analysis were used to dissect the concept connotation, coding scheme, practical cases, and advantages of the independent page number mode. [Findings] Two schemes for the independent page number mode are available: mixed coding and pure coding. Journals can include year, letter, article number, issue number, serial number, column code, and others for the independent coding of a single paper as needed. Free from the limitations of continuous coding of multiple papers, this mode allows for real-time coding and fast citation of a single paper, reduces the workload of editing and proofreading, further shortens the publishing cycle, enables early publication of research outcomes, and improves the status of journals. [Conclusions] In the context of digital publishing, independent page number mode can avoid the problems caused by continuous page numbers, thus promoting the development of Chinese scientific journals and boosting open science.

    • JIANG Kai, SONG Fei, YANG Haiyan, FENG Jing, LIU Yang
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1398-1403.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202112200973
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      [Purposes] This paper introduces the methods and experience of using advanced technology to produce academic short videos, so as to provide a reference for scientific journals to enhance public communication and influence via short video. [Methods] Through methods of literature research, comparison, and case analysis, we investigated the development of short videos of scientific journals, analyzed the challenges in video creation, video quality, and continuous creation, and proposed technology-energized production schemes for the videos. [Findings] According to the experience of Science China Information Sciences (SCIS), scientific journals can use AI interpreting for automatic generation of short videos, App to assist in video creation, and HTML5 to improve the interactivity of the videos. A comparison between short video and text in the publicity of SCIS papers proves that vivid and interesting academic short videos can receive more views than text, thus enhancing the dissemination of academic papers. [Conclusions] Via advanced information technology, scientific journals can efficiently and sustainably produce high-quality academic short videos, which is beneficial to the dissemination of academic papers.

    • ZHANG Ying, BAI Yuhong
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1404-1411.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202204150284
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      [Purposes] This paper discusses the intensive management mode and methods for scientific journals. [Methods] Taking Light Publishing Group as an example, we summarized the efforts of Light Publishing Group in management mode innovation, resource sharing, system improvement, talent cultivation, and media convergence for the intensive management. [Findings] Intensive management plays an important role in the clustering management and talent cultivation of Light Publishing Group and achieves prominent outcomes, as manifested by the well-developed journals cluster, rich-media platform, and all-media matrix, and rapid growth of editors. The journals, editorial teams, and editors have won many prizes or honors of national and provincial levels. [Conclusions] The intensive management mode can promote the clustering development and talent cultivation of China's scientific journals.

    • JIANG Tao, ZHANG Xiaoshan, LIU Yaning, CAO Yuxi, WU Guizhen
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1412-1418.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202204110270
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      [Purposes] This paper discusses the methods for internationalized English scientific journals to enhance academic exchange and dissemination in public health, which can serve as a reference for Chinese scientific journals, especially the start-up English journals. [Methods] We summarized the background of Biosafety and Health (B&H), the methods for improving international influence, and the achievements. [Findings] In the three years since the foundation, B&H has been indexed by important domestic and international databases, such as DOAJ, RCCSE, CSCD, Scopus, and CSTPCD. The international influence of the journal has been on the rise, and the open access policy and the publication quality and standard have been recognized by international evaluation institutions. [Conclusions] B&H, the first English journal in biosafety and health in China, boosts the international influence with international platform and expert team, quality manuscripts, special issues, and special publicity modes, which has bolstered the academic exchange and communication in public health.

    • QUAN Yuan, XIE Wushuang, YU Enyi, KONG Hongmei
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1419-1424.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202203300224
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      [Purposes] The technical route for developing a publishing ecosystem of Chinese scientific journals is proposed to respond to the call of the times and boost science communication of Chinese scientific journals. [Methods] Taking Acta Ecologica Sinica as an example and based on the theory and methods on biodiversity and complex ecosystem, this paper explored the methods for enhancing the diversity of products, publicity, and promotion of Chinese scientific journals. [Findings] With the proposed theory and methods, the connotation and characteristics of the publishing ecosystem of Chinese scientific journals were clarified, and the main contents of the publishing ecosystem and the methods for developing the ecosystem were elucidated. [Conclusions] The technical route for building the publishing ecosystem can help enhance the science communication and promote the development of Chinese scientific journals.

    • TAN Yihong, JIA Hepeng, WANG Dapeng
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1425-1431.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202206300501
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      [Purposes] This study aims at exploring whether media report affect the impact of scientific journals marked by the cited frequency of papers and related factors, which is expected to promote the cooperation between scientific journals and media, and improve the impact of the journals. [Methods] With the data from the "Scientific Journals Meet Mass Media" project of China Association for Science and Technology, we used Mann-Whitney U test to examine how recommendation to the media and media report influence cited frequency of journal papers. [Findings] The cited frequency of papers recommended by journals to the mass media was significantly higher than that of papers which were not recommended. Among the recommended papers, those reported by the media failed to harvest significantly higher cited frequency than the papers that were not reported. [Conclusions] Media coverage failed to increase the cited frequency of papers in China. Efforts should be made by scientific journals to adopt multiple comprehensive methods for the improvement of the impact.

    • LYU Peng, WANG Yue, WANG Ningning, ZHANG Zhenwei, CUI Yi, LIU Bing, WEI Junmin
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1432-1443.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202202220106
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      [Purposes] By comparing the journals included in the leading journals of Excellence Action Plan for China STM Journals (hereinafter referred to as "leading journals") with their world leading counterparts, this paper explores the countermeasures to narrow the gap between China's scientific journals and the world's top journals, thus providing a reference for developing China's top scientific journals. [Methods] The index data of leading journals and the corresponding world top journals were retrieved from Web of Science and journal official websites and summarized. Then, we analyzed the development of leading journals in recent five years. [Findings] The main citation indexes of 22 leading journals were significantly improved. A total of 4025 papers (articles and reviews) were published by the leading journals in 2020, up 53.0% from the 2630 papers in 2019. The average number of articles of single leading journal published in 2020 was 183, an increase of 53.0% compared with the 120 in 2019. The total cites of leading journals surged from 99767 in 2019 to 153610 in 2020. The average cited half-life of leading journals was 3.73 years in 2020, in comparison of the 9.35 years of their counterparts. A total of 16 leading journals were put on the list of top 10% in corresponding discipline in JCR, and 10 on the list of top 5%. [Conclusions] Leading journals should establish a sound development mode, dynamically adjust the development goal and direction, follow national major strategies to meet the development needs, attach importance to talent development and reserve, and build an independent and controllable international communication platform and channel, so as to lead the development of the industry, achieve sustainable development, and drive the overall development and progress of the journal industry in China.

    • LIU Yi, WEN Tingxiao, SHEN Fu
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1444-1452.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202203010127
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to clarify the internationalization of China's English journals of humanities and social sciences (JHSS) and thus provide a new mindset for internationalization evaluation of English JHSS. [Methods] With quantifiable indexes on the internationalization of academic influence, formal features, and indexing and distribution, the evaluation model of internationalization of China's English JHSS was developed. Multidimensional indicators on internationalization of the journals were mapped in four-quadrant charts and three-dimensional structure diagrams based on the methods of descriptive analysis, correlation analysis, and factor analysis. [Findings] A total of 53.85% of the English JHSS in China were founded after 2010. Many of them run independently and the majority make full use of international platforms for publishing and distribution to achieve internationalization. A total of 34.62% of them are "star journals" with low level of academic influence internationalization and high level of formal feature internationalization, and 26.92% are "general journals" with low level of academic influence internationalization and formal feature internationalization. [Conclusions] At the moment, "bringing-in" dominates the internationalization methods of China's English JHSS. "Professional journals" play a significant role in "going global" and more efforts should be made to "go further".

    • LI Xina
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2022, (10):  1453-1458.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202203300229
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      [Purposes] Taking the editors of scientific journals in Guangdong Province as examples, this paper analyzes the occupational stress among scientific journal editors and the influencing factor, which is expected to highlight the mental health of scientific journal editors, and proposes countermeasures. [Methods] By convenient sampling method, a questionnaire was distributed to 112 scientific journal editors in Guangdong Province through WeChat, QQ, and other platforms. The Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire was used to test the occupational stress in them, and binary logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors of the stress. [Findings] Occupational stress was found in 37.5% of the respondents and the influencing factors were professional title, publication frequency, weekly overtime work, and self-perceived health status (P<0.05). [Conclusions] Efforts should be made to emphasize the occupational stress of scientific journal editors; improve the systems of career planning, performance assessment, and professional title evaluation; increase the staffing of editorial department; optimize talent echelon planning; and try flexible multivariant working mechanisms. Editors of scientific journals should pay attention to the negative signals of their emotions and regulate their emotions.

    15 October 2022
    Volume 33 Issue 10
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