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  • 15 May 2024, Volume 35 Issue 5 
      
    • Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  557-557. 
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    • Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  558-558. 
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    • ZHANG Zhixiong
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  561-567.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202404220398
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      [Purposes] In the era of open science and AI, this paper provides reference and inspiration for participants in the construction of scholarly communication systems such as scientific journals, publishing groups, and literature and information institutions to shape new scholarly communication models. [Methods] This paper sorted out the functions and responsibilities of the scholarly communication system, analyzed the changes and impacts of open science and AI technology on scholarly communication model, and summarized the relevant efforts taken by the National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences to promote the construction of a new scholarly communication system in the era of open science and AI. [Findings] The impact of open science on the scholarly communication system is mainly reflected in the rise of preprint communication, open review, and copyright reform. The impact of AI on the scholarly communication system is mainly reflected in the AI-assisted scientific research and submission process, the AI-promoted automated and intelligent process of scholarly publishing, and the AI-promoted dissemination of scholarly journals. The related initiatives of the National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences in promoting the construction of the new type of scholarly communication system are to launch the PubScholar public welfare academic platform, build the "pre-registration+preprint+open review+formal release" open field academic communication system based on ChinaXiv preprint platform, construct SciAIEngine to support the intelligent mining and utilization of scientific and technological literature content, and cooperate with leading enterprises to build and release a large model of scientific and technological literature and Starfire Research Assistant. [Conclusions] Participants in the construction of scholarly communication systems should actively participate in shaping new scholarly communication models in the era of open science and AI.

    • LIU Jingyi, YANG Heng, CHU Jingli
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  568-576.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202404020314
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      [Purposes] This study aims to explore the collaborative development path between scientific journals and preprint platforms, and to propose the collaborative development strategy of scientific journals and preprint platforms, so as to provide a reference for constructing a new academic exchange model in the era of open science. [Methods] We selected representative international cases of collaboration between scientific journals and preprint platforms. With a descriptive case study approach, we summarized and sorted out the characteristics of existing typical cooperative models and extracted the collaborative development path between scientific journals and preprint platforms. [Findings] The paper identifies three collaborative paths for scientific journals and preprint platforms: resource collaboration driven by platform development, process collaboration driven by user demand, and goal collaboration driven by open science. [Conclusions] It is recommended that scientific journals and preprint stakeholders fully recognize the benefits of collaborative development, continuously enhance their awareness of collaborative development, promptly formulate policies to support collaborative development, and jointly foster an ecosystem conducive to collaborative development.

    • YANG Haiping, ZHANG Bingyue, WU Ruilin, QIN Zhouya
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  577-585.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202404080340
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the structure and value flow patterns within the scientific journal industry chain, to offer recommendations for optimizing the value. [Methods] Using the basic theory of knowledge management, this paper delineated the upstream, midstream, and downstream components of the knowledge chain within scientific journals. Based on the value chain theory and integrating it with the scientific journal industry chain, this paper elucidated the value activities across sub-chains such as the supply chain, value-added chain, and output chain, thereby elucidating the value flow across various segments of the scientific journal industry. [Findings] Centering on the flow of knowledge, this paper constructs a structural diagram of the scientific journal industry chain, encompassing upstream production and organization, midstream distribution and dissemination, and downstream service and application. Additionally, an analysis of value flow among modules is conducted from a value appreciation perspective, culminating in the construction of a value flow model for the scientific journal industry chain. [Conclusions] The scientific journal industry chain faces challenges including value flow blockages, inadequate depth expansion, and imbalanced benefit distribution. To address these challenges, scientific journals should surmount resource barriers to foster synergistic sharing, expedite the attraction of capital infusion while delineating revenue mechanisms, deeply excavate content resources, explore cross-border value-added channels, and enhance technical capabilities to innovate the industrial ecosystem.

    • REN Hongmei, ZHANG Tian, LIU Jingjing, ZHANG Hongxiang
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  586-592.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202404160372
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to demonstrate the value and role of scientific journals in promoting industrial development and serving industrial progress by investigating the status and role of scientific journals in innovation-driven development. [Methods] Taking scientific journals of different industries as research objects, through literature review, site visits and interviews, case studies, and other methods, from examples, this paper explored the initiatives of industry-specific journals in orchestrating focus on industrial development, aggregating high-quality industry resources, creating distinctive columns and publications, developing journal-based think tank capabilities, and promoting innovative cooperation. This paper then summarized the inspiration of scientific journals in serving high-quality development. [Findings] Scientific journals, as integral components of China's scientific undertakings, play pivotal roles in facilitating innovation, propelling industrial growth, enhancing cross-sectoral exchanges, and advancing industry standards. They serve as critical conduits for disseminating scientific knowledge and fostering collaborative discourse. [Conclusions] It is necessary to define the positioning of scientific journals in the industrial chain, serve the decision-making and transformation, and realize the industrial value of journals, to enhance the competitiveness of China's national science and technology and cultural soft power.

    • LI Yuan, LIU Rong, LIU Fenghong, SHEN Zhesi, PENG Xijun, DU Xingye, DONG Wenjie, LIANG Yongxia, CHU Jingli
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  593-599.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202403190248
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to investigate the involvement of high-level scientists in the editorial boards of scientific journals, organize the structure of these editorial boards, and analyze the significant role they play from the scientists' perspective. It objectively presents the current state of scientists' participation in the development of scientific journals. [Methods] We investigated the data of high-level scientists through online research, analyzed the composition and size of the editorial boards of the representative scientific journals in China, and explored the current situation of scientists' participation in the construction of scientific journals through questionnaires and interviews. [Findings] The number and proportion of high-level scientists serving as editorial board members of scientific journals are related to the quality of the journals, and the size of the editorial board is related to the influence of the journals. The roles played by editorial board members in journals are more consistent with the expectations of the journal's editors. However, there are discrepancies in certain aspects. [Conclusions] The number and proportion of high-level scientists in editorial boards are related to the quality of scientific journals. While the role played by scientists as editorial board members basically meets the expectations of editors, the contribution of scientists serving on editorial boards of scientific journals still requires systematic and multidimensional evaluation.

    • LIU Hongxia, WANG Lilei, SHEN Xibin, HUO Yongfeng, LIU Bing
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  600-606.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202403050191
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to explore new pathways and insights for knowledge services in Chinese STM journals in the era of large language models by analyzing the operational model and technical implementation of the novel knowledge service platform Consensus.app. [Methods] By combining literature review and online empirical research, this study analyzed the functions, features, and manifestations of knowledge services of the Consensus.app platform. In this paper, the technical implementation methods employed by the platform and its role in promoting knowledge acquisition from scientific literature were investigated, with a summary of its potential advantages and disadvantages. [Findings] The corpus of the Consensus.app platform, based on the abstract information from the Semantic Scholar paper database, employs various artificial intelligence technologies, including natural language processing, machine learning, and information retrieval. By extracting key information from research papers and creating a vectorized knowledge database, Consensus.app utilizes OpenAI's interface to retrieve relevant information from the knowledge base based on user queries and provides summarized conclusions as feedback to users. The platform offers highly personalized interactions via direct data-supported conclusions for different queries and quick access to snapshot information of relevant literature, to help users make rapid decisions. [Conclusions] Consensus.app partially addresses the lack of accuracy and evidence chain in large language model responses. It also provides more diverse scenarios for the widespread and efficient application of scientific journals in the era of large language models. It demonstrates a new approach to integrate large language models into knowledge repositories for further knowledge services for STM journals. In the new era, the STM journal community needs to attach great importance to data quality development, cross-disciplinary collaboration, and copyright improvements, and it also needs to embrace the trend in the era of large models to move towards the “AI+” era of STM journals.

    • CAO Kerui, DU Xingye, LI Hanxiao, LI Jinman
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  607-616.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202403150239
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      [Purposes] The aim is to unravel the regular evolution process of scientific journals in the open science environment, so as to provide theoretical support for the transformation and development of scientific journals. [Methods] Through investigating relevant global literature and websites, this paper unraveled the transformation and development of scientific journals in the context of open science, introduced the coupling theory to explore the relationship between the traditional scholarly communication system represented by scientific journals and the open scholarly communication system driven by open science, and explored the development trend of the scholarly communication system and the transformation and development direction of scientific journals. [Findings] There is a relatively independent, interactive, and gradually integrated coupling relationship between scientific journals and open science. The transformation and evolution of scientific journals facing open science includes five stages: the traditional development stage before the emergence of open science, the initial development stage after the germination of open science, the passive transformation stage after the rapid development of open science, the active transformation stage with the prosperity of open science, and the collaboration and integration stage of scientific journals and open science. The coupling of scientific journals and open science shows four stages of evolution: relatively stable period, reverse interaction period, adjustment development period, and collaborative development period. [Conclusions] As the coupling relationship between the two systems transitions to the collaborative development period, the personnel of scientific journals should constantly change their mindset, embrace open science, pay close attention to users' needs and never cease to explore new open academic communication modes with a user-centred approach, in order to promote a more open and inclusive academic communication ecosystem.

    • WANG Weilang, YUAN Wenquan, YOU Bin, XUE Jingyuan, YAN Yongsong
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  617-622.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202404150371
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to study the "academic+publishing" mode of English scientific journals, exploring pathways for developing high-quality journals, and providing references for the construction of first-class scientific journals. [Methods] Based on the development practice of Nano Materials Science, this paper analyzed the main connotation of the "academic+publishing" mode and discussed the main roles and responsibilities of "academics" and "publication", respectively. [Findings] The "academic" part of scientific journals relies on the academic team consisting of editor-in-chief and editorial board members, who guarantee the academic integrity of front-end content. The "publishing" part of scientific journals lies in the publishing team centered on the journal editors, who are responsible for the process management and backend impact enhancement. The combination of "academic" and "publishing" can ensure the quality of front-end content, standardization of processes, and amplification of backend impact for scientific journals. [Conclusions] The "academic+publishing" mode of scientific journals facilitates a synergistic interplay between "academic" and "publishing", fostering mutual reinforcement and collaborative advancement. This approach fortifies scientific journal development holistically, driving high-quality progression and the establishment of first-class scientific journals.

    • LIANG Yongxia, YANG Zhongkai, TIAN Hong, LIU Jingjing, LI Cuixia, DONG Wenjie
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  623-628.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202106280521
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      [Purposes] Based on a thorough review of the theory of science of science related to scientific journals, this paper aims to construct a five forces model for the influence of scientific journals and propose paths and strategies to enhance the influence of scientific journals. [Methods] Using methods such as literature review, in-depth interviews, and conceptual analysis, we constructed a five forces model of the influence of scientific journals from the aspects of scientific knowledge production, flow, and dissemination, and then proposed countermeasures and suggestions. [Findings] It is proposed that the influence of scientific journals includes five aspects: knowledge power, persuasion, management force, expressive force, and dissemination force. These five aspects form the basis for constructing the five forces model of the influence of scientific journals. [Conclusions] The formation and enhancement of the influence of scientific journals is a comprehensive endeavor. It involves leveraging the theory of knowledge activities to bolster the intellectual prowess of scientific journals, deeply understanding the paradigm theory to augment their persuasive impact, prioritizing the Matthew effect to fortify the managerial competence of scientific journals, harnessing the advantages of structural holes to showcase their expressive capacity, and fully acknowledging the multifaceted roles of journals to bolster their dissemination potency.

    • HAN Jing, HAN Yanli
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  629-634.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202403290293
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to explore the integrated development path for the deeply integrated publishing of scientific journal groups in China. [Methods] With questionnaires and literature research, we investigated the integrated publishing of typical journal groups in China and abroad and comparatively analyzed the integration of scientific journal groups in China in terms of content, channels, platforms, operations, and management. [Findings] The transformation for the integration of scientific journal groups has been effective, with stronger journal groups achieving a high degree of in-depth integration. However, the overall progress is not significant enough, and development remains highly uneven. [Conclusions] Scientific journal groups should stick to the concept of integrated development in the process of integrated publishing. Before top-level design, it is essential to consider the relationships between internal and external elements, and between the construction platform and operational interfaces. Implementation should follow the path of integrating media technology, content production processes, and service functions. Throughout the implementation process, the principles of being people-oriented and ensuring moderate construction should always be adhered to.

    • LÜ Qing, GAO Qiang, ZHAO Suting, HE Qin, QIU Huabing, SHE Shigang
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  635-641.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202403180243
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      [Purposes] This paper surveys the overall development level of research institutions engaged in the field of academic journal publishing in China. It reflects the current practice and understanding of academic journal publishing think tanks in the industry, revealing their development trend in China. The aim is to promote research on academic journal publishing think tanks and consulting services, providing a reference for relevant policy formulation in the field. [Methods] We conducted research via questionnaire surveys on various institutions involved in journal publishing research, including academic journal editorial departments, academies, associations, relevant university departments, research institutes, and journal-related enterprises. We used statistical analysis and case analysis methods to analyze the current development status and challenges of academic journal publishing think tanks, proposing strategies to enhance their influence. [Findings] Overall, the output of think tank research results in journal publishing is low, with limited adoption by decision-makers. The personnel scale in the industry is small and the funding sources are single. The function of think tanks has not been effectively utilized. However, significant potential remains for developing academic journal publishing think tanks in China. [Conclusions] Relevant management departments are recommended to enhance guidance on the development of the journal think tank industry. Research institutions should enhance the transformation of achievements and diversify funding sources. They should clarify the strategic positioning of think tank research, establish benchmarking institutions, enhance think tank research literacy among journal practitioners, use intelligent journal data platform tools for research, and foster communication and cooperation among publishing think tanks.

    • ZHANG Ying, ZHOU Zhe
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  642-648.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202311030880
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      [Purposes] This paper explores the publishing strategies and methods of Chinese specialized scientific journals, aiming to enhance the academic quality, dissemination influence, and service capabilities of journals. [Methods] Taking Chinese Journal of Liquid Crystals and Displays (CJLCD) as an example, we summarized the experience of publishing and proposed publishing strategies and development suggestions to address existing problems. [Findings] By clarifying the journal's positioning to highlight its professional characteristics, establishing a specialized editorial board and attracting specialized young editors, setting up regional offices to organize hot-topic special issues, leveraging science and technology media, and creating distinctive columns, a series of effective measures have been implemented to continuously improve the journal's academic indicators and influence. It has been included in internationally renowned databases such as ESCI and Scopus, establishing as a bridge between research and industry. [Conclusions] The publishing strategies of CJLCD can serve as a reference and inspiration for the development of Chinese specialized scientific journals.

    • YU Qianqian, YIN Yixian, ZHANG Guangyao, WANG Xianwen
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  649-657.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202403110213
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to explore whether the editorial board member effect exists in academic journals by analyzing the quantity and quality of the articles from the editorial board members in Chinese management journals, to provide a reference for journal quality development. [Methods] Taking CSSCI-sourced journals of management as the research object, this paper used regression analysis and causal inference methods to reveal the relationship between the paper publication with different identities of the editorial board members and the influence of papers. [Findings] The editorial board members are generally inactive, and most of them have not published many papers in their journals. There is a significant relationship between the publication identities of the editorial board members and the influence of papers, and the editorial board member effect exists conditionally. Specifically, the influence of the editorial board member as an important author is significantly higher than that of the non-editorial board authors. The influence of the editorial board members who are not important authors is significantly lower than that of non-editorial board members. [Conclusions] It is suggested that the editorial department should enhance the transparency of journal operation and formulate submission policies of editorial board members to reduce the potential editorial board member effect.

    • LI Na, LIU Yang, LI Yule, DONG Zhe, ZHAO Na, LI Huiwen, LI Jie
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  658-663.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202310180827
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to explore new approaches for enhancing the dissemination of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) through new media platforms. [Methods] Through a literature review and drawing upon editorial experiences, we analyzed the current status of the dissemination of CPGs in China, identified the major issues within traditional dissemination strategies, and recognized the role of medical journals in the dissemination of CPGs. We also conducted innovative approaches using new media platforms in our editorial practice of Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (Med J PUMCH) and presented typical cases and their outcomes to demonstrate the effectiveness of these endeavors in augmenting CPGs dissemination. [Findings] Prioritizing the development of CPGs over their dissemination is prevalent in China, and traditional dissemination strategies of CPGs have some limitations. The daily work at Med J PUMCH exemplify that leveraging new media can address the deficiencies of traditional dissemination strategies of CPGs and enhance the dissemination of CPGs. [Conclusions] In the era of new media, medical journals, as important platforms releasing CPGs, can significantly contribute to improving the dissemination of CPGs by fully utilizing the technological and platform advantages offered by new media.

    • ZHOU Zhixin, CAO Jinlei, JIN Zihan
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  664-671.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202312141001
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to investigate and analyze the current problems in the construction of the system in responding to authors' academic misconduct in domestic medical and health journals, and put forward countermeasures and suggestions. [Methods] Taking the 258 medical and health journals included in Peking University's 2020 Edition of A Guide to the Core Journal of China as the research object, we investigated and analyzed the current situation of the system construction of each journal that counteracts the authors' academic misconduct. The investigation included the establishment of the relevant system to counteract the authors' academic misconduct, the types of academic misconduct, and the relevant punitive measures covered by the content of the system. [Findings] 256 (99.22%) journals have formulated systems to counteract the authors' academic misconduct while only 29 (11.32%) journals have relatively perfect content of the system. The attention to some academic misconduct such as data falsification is lacking. Only 125 (48.83%) journals have formulated punitive measures for the authors' academic misconduct but are defective in specific mechanisms of punitive work, existing problems such as the lack of diverse punitive measures, imperfect supervision of the whole process of punishment, and poor results of the final implementation. [Conclusions] The construction of an academic misconduct response system of domestic medical and health journals needs to be further completed, which requires the system release to be more accurate and detailed, the system content to be updated in time, and the system integrity to be improved. It is suggested that domestic journals further improve the academic misconduct response system, optimize the punishment mechanism for academic misconduct, and enhance the ability to detect academic misconduct.

    • GENG Haiying, LI Jiayi, SHEN Zhesi
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  672-681.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202312040962
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      [Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the disciplinary distribution of the liberal arts journals sponsored by universities based on the Chinese library classification number of individual papers and carry out journal cluster analysis accordingly, to comprehensively understand the disciplinary structure of liberal arts journals sponsored by Chinese universities, and to provide references for the high-quality development of academic journals. [Methods] Taking 10356 papers published in 2022 from 109 liberal arts journals sponsored by universities as the research object, we obtained their Chinese library classification number from CNKI and studied the disciplinary structure and disciplinary clusters of the liberal arts journals through statistical analysis, calculation of disciplinary structure characteristic indexes, construction and clustering of disciplinary structure similarity matrix, etc. [Findings] The overall publication of liberal arts journals in universities is mainly focused on social sciences such as economics, political science, and law, which are covered in most journals and with even distribution. Interdisciplinary papers account for nearly 30%, with mainly the integration of economics, political science, and history with other disciplines. Journals from comprehensive and normal universities cover a wide range of disciplines, with even discipline distribution and high diversity. Journals from agricultural and forestry universities exhibit narrow disciplinary coverage, uneven distribution, and low diversity. Journals from science and engineering universities demonstrate significant heterogeneity in disciplinary diversity. The 109 journals sponsored by universities can be divided into four major categories with distinctive disciplinary features. [Conclusions] The disciplinary structure characteristics of journals from different types of universities are quite different, which reflect the different orientation and advantages of journals of different universities. According to the disciplinary focus of journals, carrying out a journal classification evaluation based on the paper-level subject classification should be considered.

    • LIU Xiaoling, LIAO Xueqin, LIAO Yu, GUO Jinzhong
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  682-691.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202402200130
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      [Purposes] Open access (OA) publishing is becoming the mainstream among various academic publishing modes. This paper aims to analyze journals published in different modes to explore the key influencing factors on journal influence and their influence differences, providing references and suggestions for the increase in journal influence and decision-making in operation. [Methods] A multiple regression analysis was carried out on the data of journals published in subscription, hybrid OA, and full OA modes in the Web of Science database from 2018 to 2022 to reveal the differences in journal influence in various publishing modes. [Findings] There is an inverted U-shaped relationship between the number of publications and the journal impact factor. The impact factor of a journal is positively associated with its level of international cooperation and the number of popular articles in the journal. If a journal's degree of OA publishing is higher, it gains greater influence. At the national level, more prominent influences are found in the United States and China, compared with other countries, on journal influence. Large-scale publishers dominate the OA publishing market, and the distinction of scales among different publishers has an increasingly important influence on journals with different publishing modes. Hybrid journals in disciplines that require rapid communication have a greater impact. [Conclusions] In the era of OA publishing, journals with different publishing modes need to balance quality and quantity, strengthen international cooperation, adapt to national policies, focus on the scale effect of publishers, and adjust development strategies according to the characteristics of disciplines to maintain and enhance academic influence.

    • YU Qian
      Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals. 2024, (5):  692-700.  DOI: 10.11946/cjstp.202309190754
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      [Purposes] The study investigates the basic situation of English journals of humanities and social sciences in China (excluding Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan; abbreviated as CEJHSS), summarizes and clarifies the development status and challenges faced by CEJHSS, and attempts to provide thoughts and suggestions for the high-quality development of CEJHSS. [Methods] Through the statistical analysis, 148 CEJHSS were investigated and analyzed combined with literature research, data analysis, and comparison. [Findings] The number of CEJHSS has continued to grow, and the number included in SSCI has also increased significantly. Quarterly publication remains dominant among CEJHSS, with sponsoring units primarily being universities and research institutions, concentrated in Beijing and Shanghai. Nearly 70% of journals go global by leveraging other platforms. At the same time, CEJHSS still face issues such as a relatively small total number, with nearly two-thirds of journals having only ISSN numbers, uneven distribution across disciplines, and relatively weak policy support. [Conclusions] To build high-quality CEJHSS, it is imperative to establish long-term and stable support policies, strengthen supervision and guidance, pay attention to talent cultivation, formulate a scientific evaluation system, prioritize content quality, and strengthen publishing and dissemination platform construction.

    15 May 2024
    Volume 35 Issue 5
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