【目的】 1篇研究妊娠高血压综合征的论文中竟出现40例男性患者,且该文于2013—2019年被引用了62次。对其进行引用分析,发现施引文献的来源、引用内容及引用情感。【方法】 这篇伪造数据的论文已被CNKI等重要期刊数据库删除,通过百度学术和Google Scholar发现被引线索,再结合CNKI数据库引文网络获取施引文献信息,最后通过OriginPro 2020b和VOSviewer软件对获取的信息进行数据分析和可视化呈现。【结果】 62篇一级引证文献来自42种期刊;施引文献主要来自医药卫生领域;引用内容主要来自节点(目的)文献的参考文献,且存在多种错误;引用以复引和意引为主;引用情感为中性,多属于提及;引证文献的篇幅短、网络下载量少,且主题、共被引文献高度集中;多数引证文献的来源期刊出版周期短(旬刊最多,占33.3%)、年发文量偏高(中位数为4039);引证文献来源期刊的影响力偏弱(2019年CNKI复合影响因子和综合影响因子的中位数分别为0.229和0.341)。【结论】 部分普通医学期刊功能异化,大量重复出版同主题低水平文献,扰乱出版秩序,消解科学精神,应尽快落实《报纸期刊质量管理规定》和人才分类评价机制,遏制科研评价中论文相关指标的片面、过度和扭曲使用等问题,加快推进普通中文科技期刊的高质量出版发展进程。
[Purposes] This paper analyzes the citation of a paper on pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome which includes 40 male patients and has been cited 62 times during 2013-2019, particularly the citing journals, cited part, and citation sentiment. [Methods] Since the paper had been removed from some key databases, like CNKI, we retrieved the citation in Baidu Scholar and Google Scholar and searched the citation information in CNKI Chinese Citation Database, followed by data analysis and visualization by OriginPro 2020b and VOSviewer. [Findings] The 62 citing papers, mainly involving medicine and health, are from 42 journals. The citations in the 62 papers are mainly from the references of the paper with data fabrication, with various faults in references. The findings suggest that the indirect and composite citations are preferably adopted and most of the citations are neutral. The citing papers are short with a few downloads and similar theme and key words. The majority of the citing journals are characterized by high publication frequency (33.3% of once every 10 days), large quantity of annually published articles (median of 4039), and low impact factors (2019 CNKI combined impact factor median: 0.229; 2019 CNKI comprehensive impact factor median: 0.341). [Conclusions] Publishing a large number of unqualified articles, some medical journals have deviated from their original mission, disordered the publishing industry, and undermined the scientific spirits. Therefore, we should rapidly implement the "Regulations on the Administration of Newspapers and Periodicals" and the hierarchical evaluation system of talents, thereby curbing the overuse and misuse of paper-related indicators in research evaluation and promoting the high-quality publishing of Chinese academic journals.
Integrity in scientific research,