【目的】 比较中华系列与学报系列高影响力论文参考文献的引用准确性与不合理引用情况,分析其差异原因,并探讨提升参考文献引用准确性的方法。【方法】 选择5种中华系列杂志和5种学报系列杂志发表的论文(共96篇),分别购买、下载其文后的中、英文期刊文献的PDF全文。参照文献全文核对论文引用处内容,判定引用准确性与不合理引用(无关引用、相关多引、漏引和错引),并分析两系列高影响力论文引用准确率或不合理引用率的差异及相关影响因素。【结果】 共核查1502条两系列杂志论文的文献全文,其中引用不合理的文献为219条(14.58%);中华与学报系列不合理引用率分别为15.13%和14.09%。论文中共1821处引用文献,不合理引用率为12.74%;中华与学报系列的不合理引用率分别为13.28%和12.23%。中华系列的中文期刊文献引用准确率高于英文期刊文献(引用条数:93.20% vs 82.72%,P<0.005;引用处数:94.51% vs 84.69%,P<0.005)。不合理引用中,两系列杂志论文均以多引和错引常见;错引以数据引用错误为主。两系列杂志论文的英文期刊文献一处引用准确率均高于多处引用准确率。【结论】 两系列杂志论文的文献引用准确率均较高,但部分作者不够重视中文文献的引用;文献多处引用会导致不合理引用率增加。
[Purposes] This study aims to compare the quotation accuracy and inappropriate quotation of the references of articles published in 10 Chinese series and medical academic journals with high impact factors, analyze the differences, and then explore the ways to improve the accuracy of reference citation. [Methods] We obtained the full-text copies of all original references in the 96 articles published in these journals, referred to the full text of the literature to check the situation of quotation accuracy and inappropriate quotation (unrelated quotation, related multi-quotation, missing quotation, and misquotation), and analyzed the difference of the quotation accuracy rate and inappropriate quotation rate between Chinese series and medical academic journals. [Finding] The two series of journals have examined a total of 1502 full-text articles, and the total inappropriate quotation rate is 14.58% (219 of 1502 references); the unreasonable quotation rates of Chinese series and medical academic journals are 15.13% and 14.09%, respectively. There are 1821 reference citations with the total inappropriate quotation rate of 12.74%, the unreasonable citation rates of Chinese series and medical academic journals are 13.28% and 12.23%, respectively. The quotation accuracy rate of Chinese references is higher than that of English references in Chinese series(reference: 93.20% vs 82.72%, P<0.005; quotation: 94.51% vs 84.69%, P<0.005). Among the inappropriate quotations, multi-quotation and misquotation are the most common errors, and number errors are the most common in the misquotation. The accuracy of the uniquotation of the English journal articles of the two series of journals is higher than the accuracy of multiple quotations.[Conclusions] Although the quotation accuracy is relatively high, some authors do not give enough attention to the accurate reference citation of Chinese literature, and the literature cites at different locations will increase the inappropriate quotation rate.
High impact factor,