【目的】 考察医学学报类期刊专题/专栏建设的现状,为医学学报类期刊提升专题/专栏建设质量提供支持。【方法】 选择9种有代表性的医学学报类期刊,统计这些期刊专题/专栏的栏目数量和载文量、栏目篇均被引频次和栏目篇均下载频次。统计并分析被引和下载频次较高的专题/专栏,以及发表时间较长但被引和下载频次较低的专题/专栏,并与同期非专题/专栏论文进行比较。【结果】 9种期刊都开设了专题/专栏,但专题/专栏数量及载文量不稳定,6种期刊的年均专栏数量≤3.0个,栏目平均载文量(3.21篇)较少。栏目延续性不佳,84.3%的专题/专栏只出版了1期,而延续性好的专题/专栏被引和下载频次均较高。除了综述、述评、指南类外,与肿瘤、感染性疾病、妇产科学、老年医学相关的专题/专栏数量较多,论文的下载和引用情况较好,远远超过同期非专题/专栏论文。但仍有 74.1%的专题/专栏的被引和/或下载情况并不十分理想,其中部分栏目的论文被引和下载情况并没有优于同期的非专题/专栏论文。【结论】 医学学报类期刊需要重视专题/专栏建设的调研,精心构思栏目名称,多渠道拓展、挖掘专家资源,避免专题/专栏建设的盲目性和随机性,提升专题/专栏建设的质量和延续性,从而促进期刊影响力的提高。
[Purposes] This paper aims to investigate the current situation of the construction of special topics or columns in medical journals sponsored by universities, so as to provide support for the improvement of the construction quality of special topics or columns in medical journals sponsored by universities. [Methods] A total of 9 representative journals of medical journals sponsored by universities were selected as examples, and the column number, article number, cited frequency, and downloaded frequency of special topics or columns were counted. The highly cited and downloaded topics or columns were analyzed, as well as the topics or columns with a long publication time but low cited and downloaded frequencies, comparing with the non-special column papers in the same period. [Findings] Each journal has set up special topics or columns, but the number of special topics or columns and the number of articles are not stable. The average annual number of columns in 6 journals is no more than 3.0, and the average number of articles published in these columns (3.21) is small. There are 84.3% of the special topics or columns published in only one issue, while those with good continuity are cited and downloaded frequently. In addition to the review, comments, and guidelines, the numbers of special topics or columns related to oncology, infectious diseases, obstetrics and gynecology, and geriatrics are large, with higher downloaded and cited frequencies, which are far more than those of the non-special column articles in the same period. However, the cited and/or downloaded frequencies of 74.1% of special topics or columns are not very ideal, and the cited and downloaded frequencies of these special column articles are not better than those of non-special column articles in the same period. [Conclusions] Medical journals sponsored by universities need to pay attention to the investigation of special topics or columns, carefully conceive column names, expand expert resources through multiple channels, avoid the blindness and randomness of special topics or columns construction, and improve the quality and continuity of special topics or columns, so as to improve the journals' influence finally.
Medical journal sponsored by university,
Special topic or column,
陈汐敏. 医学学报类期刊专题/专栏建设的调查及启示[J]. 中国科技期刊研究, 2020, 31(11): 1348-1356.
CHEN Ximin. Investigation and enlightenment of the construction of special topics or columns in medical journals sponsored by universities[J]. Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals, 2020, 31(11): 1348-1356.