• 评价与分析 •

### 从单篇论文引证视角改进学术期刊评价方法及其实证研究

1. 《中国学术期刊(光盘版)》电子杂志社有限公司,北京市海淀区西小口路66号 100192
• 收稿日期:2022-05-13 修回日期:2022-06-23 出版日期:2022-07-15 发布日期:2022-08-25
• 作者简介:伍军红(ORCID:0000-0001-6607-6911),学士,主任编辑,E-mail: wujh@cnki.net
肖 宏,硕士,编审
孙 隽,硕士,研究员
郑新宇,硕士,研究员
• 基金资助:
中国科学技术协会学会学术部课题“科技期刊世界影响力指数(2021版)研制”(2021KJQK004)

### Improving the evaluation method of academic journals from citation perspective of single paper and its empirical research

WU Junhong()(), XIAO Hong, SUN Jun, ZHENG Xinyu

1. China Academic Journals (CD Edition) Electronic Publishing House Co., Ltd., 66 Xixiaokou Avenue, Haidian District, Beijing 100192, China
• Received:2022-05-13 Revised:2022-06-23 Online:2022-07-15 Published:2022-08-25

【目的】 从单篇论文引证体现的期刊学科贡献性、重要性、长效性以及学术传承性4个维度,对期刊论文的相关指标进行统计,析出重要的实质性引用并将其标准化,从而压缩被引频次的水分,实现更加有效和精准的期刊影响力评价。【方法】 立足“以文评刊”的理念,从单篇论文引证视角,采用论文引证标准化指数、论文复引频次、文献L指数及F1指数4个维度的6个指标,探索改进学术期刊评价的新方法。【结果】 以自然地理学中文期刊为例开展实证研究,6个评价指标能更加准确地表征期刊的重要性和长效性。【结论】 相比基于影响因子等传统评价指标的方法,基于单篇论文引证视角的期刊评价改进方法可更加合理地对期刊进行定量评价,有效促进期刊关注论文的学术质量及长期作用,是一种值得推广的期刊评价新思路。

Abstract:

[Purposes] This paper classifies journal articles from the perspective of the contribution, importance, long-term effect, and academic inheritance of the journal, separates out important substantive quotations, and standardizes them, thereby reducing interference of citation frequency and achieving a more effective and accurate journal influence evaluation. [Methods] Based on the concept of evaluating journals by content and the perspective of paper citation, this paper explored new evaluation methods for academic journals by using six indicators from four dimensions: the Paper Citation Standardized Index (PCSI) which is the standardization of paper citations, paper re-citations, Long Term Effect Index (L index), and paper citation core value and comment sentence (F1 index). [Findings] Taking physiography journals as examples to conduct an empirical study, the six evaluation indicators mentioned above can more accurately characterize the importance and long effectiveness of the journal. [Conclusions] Compared with the method based on traditional evaluation indicators such as impact factor, the improved method of journal evaluation based on the perspective of single paper citation more accurately explains the rational components of quantitative evaluation, and can effectively stimulate journals to pay attention to the academic quality and long-term effects of papers, which is a new way of journal evaluation worth promoting.