【目的】 研究科技部和教育部发布的《关于破除科技评价中“唯论文”不良导向的若干措施(试行)》和《关于规范高等学校SCI论文相关指标使用 树立正确评价导向的若干意见》文件细则对我国科技期刊的影响,客观分析最新科技评价导向给期刊发展带来的机遇和挑战。 【方法】 采用态势分析(SWOT)方法,从内部优势(Strengths,S)、内部劣势(Weaknesses,W)、外部机会(Opportunities,O)、外部威胁(Threats,T)4个方面进行分析。【结果】 此次科技评价改革对我国科技期刊产生的内部优势是可以重塑编辑的办刊初心;内部劣势是有可能会影响我国稿源总量,导致期刊对高质量论文的竞争进一步加剧;外部机会是可以重构我国科技期刊生态环境,提升国内科技期刊在科技评价中的权重以及中文科技期刊的关注度;外部威胁是“三类高质量论文”的界定会使国际科技期刊和顶级学术会议论文集分流我国的高质量论文。【结论】 科技期刊在新形势下机遇和挑战并存,编辑应该根据不同期刊的情况采取不同的应对策略,抓紧优势和机会、蓄势而上,直面劣势和威胁、大胆突破。
[Purposes] This paper studies the influence of the detailed rules of two documents Measures to Eliminate the "Paper Only" Negative Orientation in Sci-tech Evaluation (Trial) promulgated by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and Guidelines on Standardizing the Use of SCI Paper-Related Indicators in Higher Education Institutions and Establishing a Correct Evaluation Orientation jointly released by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Education of China on scientific journals in China, so as to clarify the corresponding opportunities for and challenges to journal development in an objective manner. [Methods] The influence was analyzed with the SWOT (strengths-weaknesses-opportunities-threats) method. [Findings] The strength is encouraging editors to remain committed to the original mission. The weaknesses are the decline in total number of papers from Chinese scholars and thus the fiercer competition of journals for high-quality papers. The opportunities are reconstructing the development ecology of Chinese scientific journals, raising the weight of Chinese scientific journals in sci-tech evaluation, and directing attention toward Chinese scientific journals. The threat is that the rule of "three types of high-quality papers" makes foreign journals and conference proceedings attract more contributions from Chinese scholars. [Conclusions] With opportunities and challenges juxtaposed for scientific journals under new circumstances, editors should take different countermeasures for different journals by combining the strengths and opportunities so as to face the weaknesses and threats.
"Paper only" negative orientation,