[Purposes] Based on the practice of journal operation of Science China Series and Science Bulletin for many years (hereinafter referred to as "Two Journals"), this paper discusses the strategies of building first-class scientific journals and provides a reference for the construction of first-class scientific journals. [Methods] With the SWOT model as the analytical tool, the paper comprehensively analyzed the external opportunities and challenges currently facing China's scientific journals and the internal advantages and disadvantages of the Two Journals. [Findings] The development strategies of the Two Journals to build first-class scientific journals are as follows: building a leader via first-mover advantage; enhancing influence through resource sharing; strengthening operation via media convergence; and strengthening quality products and creating characteristics. [Conclusions] It is proposed to promote the construction of China's first-class scientific journals from the aspects of further clarifying the positioning of scientific journals, strengthening interactions with scientists and related subjects, exploring diversified funding sources for journals, promoting resource sharing, and exploring the open access model for journals.
First-class scientific journal,
Science China Series and Science Bulletin,