【目的】 探索建设世界一流科技期刊的策略,以助力中国科技期刊冲刺世界一流水平。【方法】 通过研读相关政策和研究文献,结合对Nature、Science、The Lancet、Cell等不同类型的世界一流科技期刊的分析,解析世界一流科技期刊的概念及内涵,探讨建设世界一流科技期刊的充分条件和必要条件,提出建设世界一流科技期刊的建议。【结果】 卓越的办刊理念、全方位的国际化水平、世界一流的人才队伍、先进的经营管理水平以及汇聚一流前沿成果、卓著的科学声望是建设世界一流科技期刊的必要条件。“高、精、尖”和“稳、准、狠”的办刊策略,是建设世界一流科技期刊的充分条件。建设世界一流科技期刊要理性且准确地认知其内涵,始终坚持卓越的办刊理念、国际化战略、人才战略、质量战略和集群化战略。【结论】 中国科技期刊既要扎根祖国大地,又要学习世界一流期刊的成功经验,从办刊的硬实力和软实力方面吸收借鉴,才能探索出具有中国特色的世界一流科技期刊建设路径。
[Purposes] This paper aims to explore the strategy of building world-class scientific journals in China, so as to help them sprint to the world-class level. [Methods] By studying relevant policies and research literatures, combined with the case analysis of different types of internationally recognized world-class scientific journals, such as Nature, Science, The Lancet, and Cell, the concept and connotation of world-class scientific journals were analyzed, the sufficient and necessary conditions for the construction of world-class scientific journals were discussed, and suggestions on the construction of world-class scientific journals were put forward. [Findings] The excellent idea of running a journal, comprehensive international level, the world-class talent team, the advanced management level and collection of first-class and cutting-edge achievements, and outstanding scientific reputation are the necessary conditions for the construction of world-class scientific journals. The strategies of "high, precise, sharp" and "steady, accurate, firm" are sufficient conditions for the construction of world-class scientific journals. To build world-class scientific journals, we should rationally understand its connotation, and adhere to the excellent idea of journal operation, the international strategy, the talent strategy, the quality strategy, and the cluster strategy. [Conclusions] Chinese scientific journals should not only take root in the motherland, but also learn the successful experiences of world-class scientific journals, draw lessons from the hard power and soft power in the journal operation, so as to explore the construction path of world-class scientific journals with Chinese characteristics.
World-class scientific journal,
Construction of scientific journal in China,
Science and technology editing