【目的】 对科技期刊中国家自然科学基金(以下简称“自科基金”)标注的失范现象进行调查。【方法】 采用回顾性调查方法,以2种综合性医药卫生类期刊共5期文章为调查对象,收集每篇文章所挂靠的基金总数、自科基金数量,核实所挂自科基金是否为虚假基金、过期基金、补充基金等。【结果】 所调查的158篇文章中,标注了基金的文章有130篇,基金论文比为82.28%;标注了自科基金的文章有40篇,自科基金论文比为25.32%,共包括51个自科基金。158篇文章共标注了250个基金,有30篇文章标注的基金数量>2个,过度标引率为23.08%(30/130)。51个自科基金中,有6个为过期基金,1个为补充基金,33个基金内容与研究论文内容无关。【结论】 目前综合性医药卫生类期刊普遍存在自科基金标注失范问题,基金组织、科研机构、辅助机构等部门应联合起来,规范基金标注、加大基金信息审核力度、加大科研失信惩治力度,以减少基金标注中隐含的学术失范行为。
[Purposes] This paper aims to investigate the anomie phenomenon on the marking of National Natural Science Foundation of China (referred to as natural science fund) in scientific journals.[Methods] Five issues from two comprehensive medicine and health journals were investigated by the method of retrospective investigation. The total number of funds and natural science funds marked in each article was collected to verify whether the natural science funds were false funds, overdue funds, supplementary funds, etc. [Findings] Among the 158 articles surveyed, there are 130 articles marked with fund, with a fund paper ratio of 82.28%; there are 40 articles marked with natural science fund, with a natural science fund paper ratio of 25.32%, including 51 natural science funds. A total of 250 funds are marked in 158 articles, and more than 2 funds are marked in 30 articles, with an overindexing rate of 23.08%(30/130). Of the 51 natural science funds, 6 funds are overdue funds, only one is supplementary fund, and 33 funds have nothing to do with the research papers. [Conclusions] At present, there is a general problem of improper marking of natural science fund in comprehensive medics and health journals. The fund organizations, scientific research institutions, and other departments should unite to standardize the fund marking, increase the scrutiny of funding information, and increase the punishment of scientific research dishonesty, so as to reduce the academic anomie in the fund marking.
National Natural Science Foundation of China,
Ratio of funded paper
舒安琴,罗瑞,张耀元,陈玮嘉,张梨虹. 科技期刊中国家自然科学基金标注失范现象的调查[J]. 中国科技期刊研究, 2020, 31(4): 413-418.
SHU Anqin,LUO Rui,ZHANG Yaoyuan,CHEN Weijia,ZHANG Lihong. Anomie phenomenon on the marking of National Natural Science Foundation of China in scientific journals[J]. Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals, 2020, 31(4): 413-418.