【目的】 量化分析2011—2020年全球肿瘤领域论文的撤稿时滞及其影响因素,探究近年出现的新变化,使科研工作者和期刊工作者在日常实践中理性把握撤稿时滞的意义。【方法】 在撤稿观察数据库中检索相关数据,以非参数检验和参数检验方法共同分析各影响因素对撤稿时滞的影响。【结果】 纳入肿瘤领域的撤稿1262篇,2011—2020年撤稿时滞呈两阶梯式下降(P<0.001),中位撤稿时滞为545.00天(约1.49年)。论文发表年代较近、临床研究、非合作论文均是显著缩短撤稿时滞的因素,但近年的数据或趋于稳定。相关性分析结果提示,论文发表年代与撤稿时滞的缩短呈中等程度的负相关(r=-0.501,P<0.001)。【结论】 2011—2020年全球肿瘤论文撤稿时滞呈阶梯式下降,论文发表年代与撤稿时滞的负相关性最强。
[Purposes] This paper aims to quantitatively analyze the time to retraction of global papers in oncology from 2011 to 2020 and the influencing factors, and explore changes in recent years, so that researchers and journal editors can gain a clear insight into the significance of time to retraction. [Methods] Relevant data were retrieved from Retraction Watch Database, and the influence of each factor on the time to retraction was analyzed by non-parametric test and parametric test. [Findings] A total of 1262 eligible retracted papers were screened out, and the time to retraction decreased in two stages (P<0.001), with the median of 545.00 days (about 1.49 years). Late publication, clinical research, and non-cooperative paper type significantly shortened the time to retraction, but the data in recent years may tend to be stable. The publication time of papers was in moderate negative correlation with the shortening of the time (r=-0.501, P<0.001). [Conclusions] From 2011 to 2020, the time to retraction of global papers in oncology decreases in a step-like manner, and the negative correlation between the publication year and the time to retraction is the strongest.
Paper in oncology,
Time to retraction,