【目的】 采用区块链技术以去中心化的方式解决期刊界一稿多投检测难和稿件安全隐私无法保障的问题。【方法】 分析投稿流程优化的需求,提出利用区块链技术检测一稿多投及稿件确权的方案。方案中设计的采编区块链系统为现有采编系统之外的辅助系统,拟采用联盟链的架构,包含期刊注册、作者注册、发布稿件、修改稿件状态、判断一稿多投、查询稿件 6 项基本功能,与既有的采编系统协同运行。【结果】 所设计的方案实现采编区块链原型系统开发,并完成功能和性能测试,验证了该系统的有效性。【结论】 相较于目前广泛采用的中心化采编系统,该方案站在期刊角度,不必将稿件数据共享给系统运营商,以杜绝一稿多投的学术不端行为,站在作者角度能够保证投稿记录不可篡改,在稿件被恶意传播或被他人挪用时,能够维护作者对稿件的著作权。
[Purposes] This paper aims to solve the problem of duplicate submission and enhance paper security in journals by decentralization with blockchain. [Methods] To optimize the submission process, this paper proposed a blockchain-based scheme to detect the duplicate submission and protect the paper authentication. The blockchain system of the scheme was a consortium blockchain-based auxiliary system of the existing collecting and editing system operating in coordination with the latter, with 6 basic functions: journal registration, author registration, paper submission, paper status modification, duplicate submission judgment, and paper query. [Findings] The prototype system was developed and the functionalities and performance were tested, which verified the system was effective. [Conclusions] Compared with the widely-used centralized collecting and editing system, this scheme helps journals prevent academic misconduct of duplicate submission without sharing paper data with the system operator and enables tampering-resistant submission record, thus protecting the copyright of authors.
Collecting and editing system,
Security and privacy,