【目的】 对《广东农业科学》“缩短出版周期—增加载文量—提升期刊影响”的办刊实践挫折进行反思,为科技期刊变更期刊出版周期、合理设置载文量提供参考。【方法】 选取《广东农业科学》与部分国内综合性农业科学类优秀期刊(《中国农业科学》《干旱地区农业研究》《华北农学报》《华南农业大学学报》和《南方农业学报》)为研究对象,实证分析出版周期及载文量对期刊的影响。【结果】 在稿源质量有保障的情况下,缩短刊期,适当增加载文量,对提升期刊传播力和影响力有积极作用。【结论】 当前“压缩载文量—做小分母—提高期刊影响因子”的现象非常普遍,但减少载文量不一定能提升期刊影响力,建议将载文量重新纳入科技期刊评价体系,以抑制过度压缩载文量的不良现象,积极推动科技期刊的繁荣发展和科研成果的及时传播;结合在线优先出版、网络首发等渠道,进一步缩短论文发表时滞,可确保学术成果的首发权与快速传播,有效提高期刊的传播力和学术影响力。
[Purposes] Based on the setbacks in the journal operation practice of "shortening publishing cycle→increasing the amount of published papers→improving the influence of journal" in Guangdong Agricultural Sciences, this paper provides a reference for scientific journals to change the publishing cycle and reasonably set the amount of published papers. [Methods] We explored the influence of publishing cycle and the amount of published papers on journals taking Guangdong Agricultural Sciences and some excellent journals of comprehensive agricultural sciences in China (Scientia Agricultura Sinica, Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica, Journal of South China Agricultural University, and Journal of Southern Agriculture) as the research objects. [Findings] Shortening the publishing cycle and appropriately increasing the amount of published papers play a positive role in enhancing the transmissibility and influence of journals under the condition of guaranteeing the quality of manuscript sources. [Conclusions] The current phenomenon of "reducing the amount of published papers→making small denominator→improving the impact factors of journals" is common, but reducing the amount of papers may not necessarily improve the influence of journals. It is suggested that the amount of published papers should be re-incorporated into the evaluation system of scientific journals as an important index to restrain the undesirable phenomenon of excessive reduction of the amount of papers, and actively promote the prosperity and development of scientific journals and promptly dissemination of scientific research results. Combining online priority publishing, online first publishing, and other channels can further shorten the publication lag, ensure the initiation right of academic achievements and rapid dissemination, and effectively improve the transmissibility and academic influence of journals.
Amount of published papers,
Influence of journal,
Experience of journal operation