【目的】 利用撤稿数据分析中国学者发表的国际科技论文被撤销的特征,找出近年来撤销论文数量增速快的主要原因,并提出相应的意见和建议。【方法】 以Retraction Watch数据库中国别为中国的5167条撤稿声明为研究对象,从撤销论文的撤稿原因、期刊来源、发表时间、撤稿时间、学科分类等方面,分别对科技期刊撤销论文和学术会议撤销论文的分布规律及特点进行分析和总结。【结果】 60%以上的科技期刊论文的撤稿原因是作者存在学术不端行为,95%以上的学术会议论文的撤稿原因是虚假同行评议。被撤销的学术会议论文中95%以上来源于2009—2011年在中国召开的国际学术会议。【结论】 建议加强国内举办国际学术会议的监管工作,规范论文审稿流程,建立健全学术不端行为惩戒机制,并纳入科研诚信档案。
[Purposes] This paper analyzes the characteristics of retracted international papers written by Chinese scholars using the data of retraction, finds out the main reasons for the fast growth in the number of retracted papers in recent years, and puts forward the corresponding opinions and suggestions. [Methods] Taking 5167 retractions as research objects, which refer to Chinese scholars in Retraction Watch database, we analyzed and summarized the characteristics of the retracted papers from international scientific journals and international conferences, from the reasons for retraction, publishing journals, the time of publication, the time of retraction, the classification of disciplines, and so on. [Findings] More than 60% of papers from scientific journals are retracted because of academic misconduct by authors, and more than 95% of papers from academic conferences are retracted because of fake peer review. More than 95% of academic conference papers are retracted from the international academic conference held in China from 2009 to 2011. [Conclusions] It is recommended to strengthen the supervision of holding international academic conferences in China, standardize the peer review process of papers, establish and improve the disciplinary mechanism of academic misconduct, and incorporate them into the scientific integrity archives.