[Purposes] This study aims to reduce the confusing and misleading consequences brought about by the research concerning the inappropriate information over the follow-up research, and to provide a support and systematic scheme for knowledge management, academic evaluation, and academic integrity construction. [Methods] The study was devoted to identifying the causes and the types of information changes along with the existing problems that occurred after the publication of academic papers; based on the seriousness of the existing problems, information change could be categorized into different types such as correction, withdrawal and replacement, partial withdrawal, overall withdrawal, and deletion. In addition, based on the theory of archive management information system, a retrospective management system with data analysis and early warning functions was constructed. [Findings] This study further clarifies the elements involved in the retrospective management system, including the subject of responsibility, the archiving contents, the preservation of archive and its use, the hyperlinks among the different versions of academic papers, and the attribution of responsibilities, to enable the moves for information change to be located, the important information to be checked, and the problems to be accountable. [Conclusions] The retrospective strategies for information change after the publication of the paper are conducive to the shifting via hyperlinks among different versions of papers. The adoption of these strategies will eliminate the possible influence of mistaken information on the human knowledge base and it helps to shape a long-term mechanism of academic integrity governance taking place across different planes, such as from individual detection to systematic investigation, from passive rejection to active request, from punishment to prevention.
王景周. 学术论文出版后信息变更的可回溯管理[J]. 中国科技期刊研究, 2019, 30(8): 845-852.
WANG Jingzhou. Retrospective management of information changes after publication of academic papers[J]. Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals, 2019, 30(8): 845-852.