[Purposes] This paper aims to identify the behavior, cause, and responsibility body of improper academic conduct, and proposes the appropriate countermeasures. [Methods] We focused on the three problems including the general attitude towards improper academic conduct, cognition about improper academic conduct, the cognition about the causes and main responsibility body of improper academic conduct based on questionnaire survey of authors, editors, and reviewers. [Findings] Improper academic conduct in scientific journals has caused wide public concerns and most people are resistant to academic improper academic conduct. The cognition of improper academic conduct in scientific journals, confined to academic corruption, academic morality, and academic norm, and there is no enough attention to the academic evaluation system and value orientation. The causes of improper academic conduct in scientific journals are multivariate. In the past, more attention was paid to the subjective behavior of authors, editors, and reviewers, ignoring the objective deficiencies in the academic evaluation standards and the value orientation, resulting in the deviation of the purpose of publishing articles. Main responsibility bodies of improper academic conduct in scientific journals are authors, evaluation system of universities and research institutions, and academic supervision department, instead of editors and reviewers. [Conclusions] We should take measures in terms of shaping right values, optimizing evaluation system, strengthening behavior regulation, and enhancing academic quality to prevent improper academic conduct in scientific journals.
Improper academic conduct,