[Purposes] The aim of this paper is to study the characteristics of non-cited papers in university medical journals, and improve the efficiency of themanuscript selecting process.[Methods] Six universitymedical journals indexed in Guide to the Core Chinese Periodical are selected.The non-cited papers and the downloading frequency of each journal are searched in CNKI database.According to the downloading frequency, the article type, contents, the research frontier and foundation information are analyzed in all non-cited papers of six journals.[Findings] Non-cited paper rates are different in six journals.The main type of non-cited papers is basic medical research,while case reports has a large proportion and the lowest downloading frequency in all types of papers.Medical technique papers have an important role in non-cited papers,and the downloading frequency is higher than that of the other non-cited papers.There was different in the downloading frequency of non-cited papers w ith different research frontiers.Papers w ith foundations can not be ignored in non-cited papers in each journal.[Conclusions] There are some characteristics and regularity in the non-cited papers in university medical journals.The editors of medical journals should pay attention to the non-cited papers in order to improve the journal influence.
University medical journals,