中国科技期刊研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1268-1273.doi: 10.11946/cjstp.201609060775

• 质量建设 • 上一篇    下一篇

学术不端文章的特征与成因分析——以《岩土力学》文章为例

周平   

  1. 中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所《岩土力学》编辑部湖北武汉市武昌区八一路小洪山2号 430071
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-06 修回日期:2016-12-15 出版日期:2016-12-15 发布日期:2016-12-15
  • 作者简介:周 平(ORCID:0000-0001-6895-3770),硕士,副研究员,编辑部主任,E-mail: pingzhou3@126.com

Statistical analysis of academic misconduct articles:a case study of Rock and Soil Mechanics

Ping ZHOU   

  1. Editorial office of Rock and SoilMechanics, Institute of Rock and SoilMechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2 Xiaohongshan,Bayi Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan 430071, China
  • Received:2016-09-06 Revised:2016-12-15 Online:2016-12-15 Published:2016-12-15

摘要:

【目的】了解学术不端文章与其作者所在机构、作者的职称、学历等因素与之间的相关性,为编辑部初审提供参考。【方法】以《岩土力学》在线网站2014年收到的3032篇文章为统计样本,按照第一作者所在机构、职称、学历为统计指标对包括被发现的34篇有学术不端行为在内的文章进行了分类统计。【结果】来自985高校、211高校及中科院作者的稿件,出现学术不端的比例最低,来自勘测设计施工单位作者的稿件发生学术不端的比例最高,来自一般高校和专业研究院作者的稿件出现学术不端的比例介于前两者之间。副高职称和中级职称作者的文章发生学术不端的比例远高于正高级职称作者和中级以下职称作者。作者的学历高低与其文章出现学术不端的比例的高低没有相关关系。【结论】在审稿过程中,对来自勘测设计施工单位或专业研究院的稿件,特别是中级或副高职称作者的稿件,应该仔细审稿。靠作者自身的学术道德修养来抑制学术不端文章的出现是不现实的,制定约束学术不端的行为的准则或立法是铲除这一顽疾的根本措施。

关键词: 学术不端文章, 分类统计, 机构, 职称, 学历

Abstract:

[Purposes]The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between academic misconduct papers and authors'affiliations, authors'titles, authors'educational backgrounds.[Methods] The classification statistics of the 3032 papers including 34 academicmisconduct papers was conducted based on the affiliation, the professional title, the educational background of their first authors.[Findings] The proportion of the academic misconduct papers of authors from “985 Project” universities, “211 Project” universities as well as Chinese Academy of Sciences is the lowest, the proportion from the survey, design and construction units is the highest,and the ratio of the academic misconduct papers from the general colleges/universities and the professional institutes is located between the aforesaid two.The authors with the associate senior professional title/intermediate professional title producemore academic misconduct papers than those with senior professional titles or primary technical job titles,especially those who work for the professional institutes or the survey,design and construction units.The number of academic misconduct papers by authors with higher degrees isn't less than that of the authors with lower degrees.[Conclusions] The more attention should be paid to thesemanuscripts submitted by these authors from survey, design and construction affiliations; especially themanuscripts of the authors with associate or intermediate professional titles should be strictly reviewed.It isn't realistic to curb the academic misconduct by author for their own moral accomplishment.Related criterion or legislation should be drawn up to eradicate the academic misconduct.

Key words: Academic misconduct articles, Classification statistics, Institution, Professional title, Educational background