摘要： 目的 归纳分析农业期刊领域中介代投论文的作者信息特征及论文特点,为期刊编辑及时、准确地辨别与防范代投论文提供借鉴。方法 查看《广东农业科学》2018年1—10月847篇来稿作者的IP地址,分析疑似中介代投论文的作者注册信息及论文特点,并通过学术不端文献检测系统及中国知网追踪其一稿多投及后期发表情况。结果 40篇疑似中介代投论文作者的登录IP地址异常,均来自广西桂林,与作者单位所在地不符;注册邮箱均为“字母+数字@163.com”形式,登录密码设置相同;出现不同作者联系电话相同的情况,研究内容均为农业经济方面,存在作者署名集中于同所高校同一学院及基金项目不实的现象;一稿多投现象严重,有22篇投稿的重合度高于40%,涉嫌抄袭。结论 建议期刊编辑在来稿登记时查实作者登录IP地址,主动承担起防范学术不端的守门人的职责,同时在出版环节设置代投稿件障碍,注重审核作者原始数据和详细流程,综合性农业期刊应额外关注农业经济类来稿。
Abstract: [Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the personal information features of authors who employ ghost-written and ghost-submitted papers and the characteristics of their papers in the field of agricultural journals, and provide reference for journal editors to timely and accurately ide.pngy and prevent such papers. [Methods] By checking the registration IP address of the authors of 847 articles of Guangdong Agricultural Sciences from January to October in 2018, we analyzed the registration information of the suspicious authors and the characteristics of the papers, and tracked their duplicate submission and later publication through the ALMC and CNKI database. [Findings] The IP addresses of the authors in 40 papers are all from Guilin, Guangxi, which are inconsistent with the author locations and belong to suspicious ghost-written and ghost-submitted papers; the registered emails are in the form of "firstname.lastname@example.org", and the login passwords are set the same; the same contact information is for different authors; the research contents are all themed in the agricultural economy; there are signatures of the same college and same school as well as unreal fund projects; and there are 22 papers suspected of plagiarism with duplication rate higher than 40%. [Conclusions] It is recommended that journal editors check the author's login IP address when registering contribution papers, take the initiative to prevent academic misconduct, set up barriers to ghost-submitted papers in the publishing process, and pay attention to the supply of author's original data and detailed process; comprehensive agricultural journals should pay attention to agricultural economic contributions in particular.