[Purposes] This paper aims to explore the factors of structured abstracts and w riting techniques and help advance the completeness, efficiency, equitability and transparency of structured abstracts.[Methods] This article provides details, nuances,tips and w riting strategies by examples, and explains the differences of the abstracts for different study designs.[Findings] Five“W”s and one“H”:Make sure the abstract answers the well-recognized questions for any type of structured abstracts.Authors should pay attention to the proper format not only presented in the instructions to authors,but also matching the design type of articles or presentations.Although there are some standards used in w riting different study designs,it is necessary to carefully read and follow the instructions from the reporting guideline.These instructions will give you precise information such as construction,the length of abstracts, and any format styles.[Conclusions] Journal editors and researchers should consider different designs to providemore quality abstracts.The skilled use of reporting guideline will facilitate the process of w riting abstracts and improve the quality ofmanuscripts to biomedical journals.
W riting technique,