【目的】 研究科研人员选刊投稿动机的影响因素并探讨端正作者发文动机的有效措施。【方法】 运用扎根理论对19位科研人员的访谈资料以及网络资料进行三级编码,构建出科研人员选刊投稿动机解释模型。【结果】 作者的选刊投稿动机很少是单一向度的,而是受多种因素的综合影响,被解构为现实压力、学术理想、自我预期、环境诱因、期刊管理、作者感知六大主范畴。其中,现实压力、学术理想、自我预期是研究者发文的驱动力,型塑出“被动消极型”“积极进取型”与“中庸获取型”三种动机,影响着期刊选择行为。同时,科研人员在期刊选择时对环境诱因、期刊管理以及作者感知进行考量,最终作出投稿决定。【结论】 为进一步端正科研人员选刊投稿动机,营造良好学术生态,未来应从科研人员、期刊管理、考评制度三方面加以规范。
[Purposes] This paper explores the motivational drivers of scientific researchers to select specific journals for publication and puts forward suggestions for developing proper motivation in them. [Methods] Through Grounded Theory's three-stage coding of 19 researchers' interviews and network data, an explanatory model for researchers' motivation to select journals was established. [Findings] Authors' motivation is generally affected by a combination of multiple factors which are deconstructed into six main categories: academic pressure reducing, academic ideals, self-expectations, environmental incentives, journal management, and author perception. Among them, academic pressure, academic ideals, and self-expectations are the internal drivers for researchers to publish papers, shaping passive, positive, and moderate motives of journal selection, respectively. At the same time, environmental incentives, journal management, and author perception are determinants of journal selection. [Conclusions] In the future, efforts should be made to regulate researchers, journals, and evaluation systems in an attempt to develop proper motivation in researchers for journal publication and create correctitude academic atmosphere.