[Purposes] This paper studies the direction and points for attention in special issue/special column planning of scientific journals, and summarizes "doing" and "not doing" in the planning and organization process, so as to provide references for journal editors. [Methods] Taking 14 special issues/special columns of Journal of Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (JNUAA) from 2015 to 2018 as examples, the planning process, organizational form, industry impact, and the download and citation data were summarized and analyzed. [Findings] The influence of some special issues/special columns in JNUAA continues to rise and has formed excellent products, while the influence of some special issues/columns is not ideal. [Conclusions] In the planning and organization of special issues/special columns, editors should adhere to four "doing", take note of four "not doing", take the responsibility of improving the academic service ability of scientific journals, and improve the quality of editors and enhance the visibility and influence of journals through special issue/special column planning.
Special issue/special column,