中国科技期刊研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 469-475.doi: 10.11946/cjstp.201812041071

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学术交流应用区块链技术的场景与案例剖析

张恬1),孟美任1,2)()   

  1. 1)中国科学院文献情报中心,北京市海淀区中关村北四环西路33号 100190
    2)中国科学院大学经济与管理学院图书情报与档案管理系,北京市海淀区中关村北四环西路33号 100190
  • 出版日期:2019-05-15 发布日期:2019-05-31
  • 通讯作者: 孟美任 E-mail:mengmr@mail.las.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张 恬(ORCID:0000-0002-3219-7341),硕士,馆员,E-mail: zhangt@mail.las.ac.cn

Scenario and case study of blockchain technology for scholarly communication

ZHANG Tian1),MENG Meiren1,2)()   

  1. 1) National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 33 Beisihuan Xilu, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing 100190, China
    2) Department of Library, Information and Archives Management, School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 33 Beisihuan Xilu, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing 100190, China
  • Online:2019-05-15 Published:2019-05-31
  • Contact: MENG Meiren E-mail:mengmr@mail.las.ac.cn

摘要:

【目的】 研究区块链技术在整个科学研究生命周期中的应用场景,探讨该技术如何解决学术交流面临的难题,以期为学术出版的发展提供技术支持。【方法】 首先,从学术交流中难以解决的问题出发,总结归纳区块链技术的特点;其次,通过案例调研重点分析区块链技术在科研生命周期中的应用场景;最后,尝试探讨区块链技术如何帮助学术交流/学术出版服务于整个科研生命周期。【结果】 区块链技术可以被应用于科研生命周期的各个阶段,在保障数据的安全性、完整性和知识产权的前提下记录科研过程,同时开放、认可各种类型的科研产出。【结论】 区块链技术可以解决学术交流中面临的可重复性危机、科研数据不够开放等难题,成为开放科学新的推动力。

关键词: 学术交流, 区块链, 科学研究生命周期, 学术出版, 可重复性危机, 开放数据

Abstract:

[Purposes] The application scenario of blockchain technology in the whole scientific research lifecycle is studied, and how to solve the difficult problems faced by scholarly communication and how to support the development of the academic publishing are discussed. [Methods] Starting from the problems which were difficult to solve in scholarly communication, we summarized the advantages and characteristics of blockchain technology. The application scenarios of blockchain technology in the whole scientific research lifecycle were emphatically analyzed through case studies. We tried to explore how the blockchain can help scholarly communication and academic publishing serve the whole scientific research lifecycle. [Finding] Blockchain technology can be applied to all stages of the scientific research lifecycle and record the scientific research process on the premise of ensuring data security, integrity and intellectual property rights, while opening up and recognizing various types of scientific research outputs. [Conclusions] Blockchain technology can solve the problems of reproducibility crisis and lack of open research data in scholarly communication, and become a new driving force of open science.

Key words: Scholarly communication, Blockchain, Scientific research lifecycle, Academic publishing, Reproducibility crisis, Open data