中国科技期刊研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 577-581.doi: 10.11946/cjstp.201812041063

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基于中国科学家投稿的中国近代科技期刊研究(1910—1949)

鲍国海1,2   

  1. 1. 上海大学图书馆,上海市宝山区上大路99号 200444
    2. 上海大学情报研究所,上海市宝山区上大路99号 200444
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-04 修回日期:2019-01-22 出版日期:2019-06-15 发布日期:2019-07-02
  • 作者简介:鲍国海(ORCID:0000-0010-6698-0871),学士,副研究馆员,E-mail: baogh@sina.com

Chinese modern scie.pngic journals based on contributions of Chinese scientists (1910-1949)

BAO Guohai1,2   

  1. 1. Library of Shanghai University, 99 Shangda Road, Baoshan District, Shanghai 200444, China
    2. Intellgence Institute of Shanghai University, 99 Shangda Road, Baoshan District, Shanghai 200444, China
  • Received:2018-12-04 Revised:2019-01-22 Online:2019-06-15 Published:2019-07-02

摘要: 目的 研究中国近代科技期刊的发展历程,坚定中华民族的文化自信,为中国当代科技期刊的可持续发展提供借鉴和启示。方法 通过文献及网络调查法和书目信息分析法,以656位中国科学家投稿的中国近代科技期刊为样本,利用中国国家图书馆的书目系统检索期刊的书目信息,对期刊所属学科、创刊年、出版者、刊龄和出版频次等进行计量研究。结果 79.9%的中国科学家选择中国近代科技期刊发表科技成果。1930年和1936年创办的中国科技期刊数量最多。一些中国科学家是中国近代科技期刊的创刊者。在中国近代中文科技期刊中,农业科学、天文学、地球科学类期刊数量最多;英文期刊中,生物科学、自然科学总论、农业科学类期刊的数量分列前三位。大学、科研机构和科技学会是中国近代科技期刊的主要主办者。中国近代科技期刊出版地主要集中于北京市、上海市和江苏省。绝大多数近代中国科技期刊为季刊和月刊,刊龄为1~5年。结论 中国近代科技期刊的发展表明:期刊学科分布已经初具规模,是中国科学家发表科研成果的首选,稳定的国力和科技人员的客观需要是中国科技期刊可持续发展的必要条件。

关键词: 中国科学家, 近代中国, 科技期刊, 计量研究

Abstract: [Purposes] This paper aims to study the development process of Chinese modern scie.pngic journals, strengthen the cultural self-confidence of the Chinese nation, and provide reference and inspiration for the sustainable development of Chinese contemporary scie.pngic journals. [Methods] By means of literature and network survey and bibliographic information analysis, 656 modern Chinese scie.pngic journals contributed by Chinese scientists were taken as samples, and bibliographic information of journals was retrieved by using the Bibliographic System of the National Library of China. Quantitative studies were made on the subject, year of publication, publisher, publishing age, and publication frequency of journals. [Findings] 79.9% of Chinese scientists choose to publish scie.pngic and technological achievements in modern Chinese scie.pngic journals. In 1930 and 1936, the most scie.pngic journals were founded in China. Some Chinese scientists are the founders of modern Chinese scie.pngic journals. Among modern Chinese scie.pngic journals, the journal number of agricultural sciences, astronomy, and earth sciences is the most abundant. Among English journals, the journal number of biological sciences, natural sciences, and agricultural sciences ranks the top three. Universities, scie.pngic research institutions, and scie.pngic and technological societies are the main sponsors of modern Chinese scie.pngic journals. The publishing places of modern scie.pngic journals in China are mainly concentrated in Beijing, Shanghai, and Jiangsu Province. The vast majority of modern Chinese scie.pngic journals are quarterly and monthly, with a publication age of 1-5 years. [Conclusions] The development of modern scie.pngic journals in China shows that the discipline distribution of journals has begun to take shape. It is the first choice for Chinese scientists to publish scie.pngic research results. The stable national strength and the objective needs of scie.pngic and technological personnel are the necessary conditions for the sustainable development of Chinese scie.pngic journals.

Key words: Chinese scientist, Modern China, Scie.pngic journal, Metrology research