[Purposes] This paper aims to investigate the implementation of the Rules for Abstracts and Abstracting (GB 6447—1986) in Chinese medical scientific journals and explore the feasibility of publishing scientific journals with artificial intelligence. [Methods] A total of 600 Chinese medical scientific journals indexed by The Key Magazine of China Technology were collected with 2-3 papers of each journal as the research objects. The papers were entered and analyzed by big data platform and intelligent system in accordance with the Rules for Abstracts and Abstracting and the Regulations on Quality Management of Newspaper and Journals launched in 2020. [Findings] The Rules for Abstracts and Abstracting were executed well by the 600 Chinese medical scientific journals, among which 99.3% adopted the structure of informative abstracts with the ability to extract the main content of the paper. However, the degree of detail and conciseness varied greatly, and most abstracts were 400-500 words. There were 41 formats of the published abstracts, and 21 formats were used by no more than 5 journals. In addition, there were problems including the first-person statement, drug brand name without drug name, incorrect nouns and abbreviations, and non-standard legal unit of measurement. [Conclusions] The investigated Chinese medical scientific journals conform to the Rules for Abstracts and Abstracting, but there are still problems which affect the development of academic subjects and artificial intelligence. The implementation and update of the Rules for Abstracts and Abstracting should arouse the attention of academic circles.
【目的】 调研我国中文医学科技期刊对现行摘要国家标准的执行情况,探讨人工智能+科技期刊出版的可行性。【方法】 采集《中国科技核心期刊(中国科技论文统计源期刊)目录》收录的600本中文医学科技期刊公开发表资料,每本期刊选取2~3篇论文为研究对象,依据现行国家摘要标准,以及2020年发布的《报纸期刊质量管理规定》等,利用大数据平台及智能系统录入数据并分析结果。【结果】 600本中文医学科技期刊对GB 6447—1986《文摘编写规则》的执行情况良好,其中99.3%采用报道性摘要的结构,均能提炼文章的基本内容,但表述详简差异较大,摘要字数分布在400~500字最多。摘要刊出格式有41种,其中有21种格式的使用期刊数量不超过5本。此外,还存在使用第一人称表述、给出药品商品名未标注相应的药品名、未正确使用名词及缩略语、法定计量单位标注不规范等问题。【结论】 所调研的中文医学科技期刊对摘要标准的执行情况较好,但仍存在一些问题,这些问题会影响学科发展和人工智能发展。摘要标准执行及更新应引起学界关注。