[Purposes] In order to further clarify the development direction and adjust the promotion ideas dynamically, it is necessary to re-examine and predict the specific tasks of the comprehensive strength of China's scientific journals entering the world forefront level in 2035, on the occasion of the 3rd anniversary of the implementation of the Excellence Action Plan for China STM Journals. [Methods] Based on the systematic development data of the domestic and foreign scientific journals, scientific papers and evaluation results of scientific journals, we defined the inclusion criteria of the world forefront level in terms of the number and quality of high-level scientific journals. Moreover, through deeply summarizing the existing promotion basis and advantages, we expounded on the gap in the comprehensive strength of scientific journals between China and the countries (or regions) of the world forefront level, and designed the promotion ideas for achieving the goals after investigating the feasibility. [Findings] Efforts should be made to continue to establish and cultivate high-level English scientific journals, support excellent Chinese scientific journals, and quickly promote the construction and guidance of "equal quality and efficiency" evaluation systems for scientific papers in China and abroad. Furthermore, we can actively explore the responsibility system and contribution incentive mechanism for scientists and scientific research platforms to run world-leading scientific journals, innovatively develop editorial talent team training and incentive management ideas, deeply practice the flexible and diverse capital operation mode for journal publishing market, and steadily promote the reform of journal publishing market mechanism and management system. Those measures may speed up the high-quality development of China's scientific industry. [Conclusions] Although the objectives and tasks are arduous at the current stage, China's scientific journals are expected to enter the world forefront level.
China's scientific journal,
World forefront level,
Foundation and gap,
【目的】 在“中国科技期刊卓越行动计划”实施三周年之际,有必要对我国科技期刊2035年迈入“世界第一方阵”目标的具体任务进行重新审视和预判,以进一步明确发展方向,动态调整推进思路。【方法】 采用国内外科技期刊、科技论文、科技期刊评价成果的系统性发展数据对科技期刊“世界第一方阵” 国家(或地区)在高水平科技期刊数量与质量层面的入围标准进行界定,在深入总结现有基础和优势的同时,对我国科技期刊综合实力与“世界第一方阵”国家(或地区)的现实差距进行逐一梳理和剖析,并对实现目标的可行性和推进思路进行研判和设计。【结果】 必须继续加强高水平英文科技期刊创办和培育力度、持续加大优秀中文科技期刊的建设强度、快速推进国内外科技期刊论文等质同效评价制度的建设与引导,并积极探索建立科学家和科研机构办好一流科技期刊的责任制度和贡献激励机制、创新发展编辑人才队伍培养与激励管理思路、深入实践灵活多样的期刊出版市场资本运作模式、稳步推进期刊出版市场机制和管理制度改革,为我国科技期刊事业的高质量发展提速增效。【结论】 虽然当前阶段目标任务艰巨,但迈入“世界第一方阵”未来可期。