[Purposes] This paper explores the way to use blockchain technology to solve the difficulties in academic publishing, and provides reference for promoting the in-depth integration of blockchain technology and academic journals. [Methods] According to the characteristics of blockchain technology, combined with the development problems of academic journals and many academic publishing blockchain application cases, the path of the integration of blockchain technology and academic journal publishing was proposed. [Findings] The paper puts forward the participation model of diversified business subjects, the academic journal publishing industry alliance, freely accessible academic resource database, and multi-directional academic evaluation system. Tamper-proof academic journal publishing and verification modes are given, such as on-chain identity authentication, digital fingerprint of resource content, and new copyright protection mode. New academic journal publishing mechanisms utilizing token economy and smart contract are also offered, such as dynamic open publishing process, crowdfunding and precise positioning of new publishing model, and new copyright management mechanism. The feasibility, difficulties, and countermeasures of applying blockchain to academic journal publishing are pointed out. [Conclusions] Decentralization helps to solve the coexisting problem of centralization and decentralization in academic publishing. Consensus mechanism, cryptography, and timestamp can solve the identity authentication of authors' works and copyright infringement. The token economy and smart contracts can promote innovation in academic publishing processes and reform the copyright system.
[Purposes] In view of the problems in the construction of Chinese marine think tank, we explore the methods for oceanography journals to serve the think tank construction. [Methods] Through investigation, we analyzed the status quo of and problems in the construction of Chinese marine think tank, summarized the common practices of academic journals to serve think tank, and explored other methods for oceanography journals to actively participate in the construction of think tank. [Findings] At the moment, Chinese marine think tank fails to be perspective or targeted, with unobvious brand characteristics, lack of multidisciplinary integration, and no emphasis on the service for the governance. Oceanography journals should serve the think tank through demand-oriented topic selection, forums and columns, and online first publication in addition to delivering knowledge resources, talent resources, and brand resources to the government, enterprises, and society. [Conclusions] Based on years of accumulated information, academic journals should strive to attract the attention of enterprises and governments, focus on key issues, and select outstanding research outcomes, thus providing scientific and authoritative information for the decision-making of governments and enterprises in increasing scientific knowledge, implementing scientific and technological strategies, and improving economic benefits.
[Purposes] By thoroughly discussing and analyzing the status quo, characteristics, tracks, harms,and academic misconducts of paper mills, this study is designed to develop systematic and effective screening methods to prevent the spread of paper mills. [Methods] The paper analyzed the withdrawal time trend and country comparison of mill papers in Retraction Watch Database with Python and a number of typical cases published by National Natural Science Foundation of China and Retraction Watch with case analysis method. [Findings] The collective retractions of international journals caused by paper mills occurred frequently in recent years, and most of these articles were written by Chinese scholars. Paper mills adopt plenty methods, including plagiarism, data falsification, image reuse, large-scale peer review fraud, inappropriate authorship, false labeling of fund projects, multiple submissions, and repeated publication. These unjustified means damage the originality of science, separate the rights and responsibilities of the signature, increase the time and financial cost of reviewing and withdrawing papers, and even heavily reduce the academic reputation of local academia. [Conclusions] In recent years, paper mills have grown further in China. We believe that mill papers can be identified by the traces they left in the process of writing, submitting, and withdrawing. In the process of writing, the data source is vague and image retouching is obvious. The content quality of mill papers is poor, and professional accomplishment is lacking. In the process of submission, the contributor's operation is chaotic. When confronted with challenging, the author tends to shirk passively rather than appeal actively. E-mail communication in English is not smooth, and the reply content is empty and vague.
[Purposes] Based on the investigation of the authors of agricultural academic journals, this paper explores the digital dissemination measures and strategies of agricultural academic journals. [Methods] Questionnaire method was used based on the Sojump. The questionnaire about searching method, access ways, and in-depth reading habits related to journal articles was designed and sent to authors of Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, and a total of 489 questionnaires were collected. [Findings] "Writing a paper" and "scientific research project application" are two important reasons for literature retrievals, and "needs of experiment and writing paper" is the top motive of obtaining the full text. "High reference value of the recommendation" is the second reason for obtaining the full text. The bibliographic database is the most important way of searching and obtaining journal articles. The website of journal also plays an important role in full text searching and accessing. The search engine is the first choice of researchers when learning an article, and the second choice of researchers when searching and obtaining the full text. When carrying out in-depth reading, researchers mainly read selectively for the needs of experiment and writing, and mainly focus on the introduction and discussion of the paper. WeChat and online document platforms play supplementary roles in digital dissemination of academic journal papers. [Conclusions] In the process of editing and negotiating with the authors, it is necessary for agricultural academic journals to highlight the key academic points and strengthen the content with high academic value. The literature should be reasonably fragmented to attract readers' interest and promote in-depth reading. According to its own characteristics, the editorial department should make full use of network resources and establish a digital dissemination system composed of large-scale document databases, journal websites, network platforms, and we-media.
[Purposes] This paper aims to explain responsible peer review and provide reference for promoting the quality of peer review. [Methods] We deconstructed the responsible peer review. We explained and discussed what responsible peer review is, why responsible peer review is needed, what aspects are covered, and how to implement responsible peer review. [Findings] We identify the meaning of responsible peer review, the importance and urgency of implementing responsible peer review, and the safeguards for practicing responsible peer review. [Conclusions] Responsible peer review offers a possible solution to current research evaluation problems. It can draw researchers' attention from the theoretical level and trigger the thinking of reviewers from the practical level.
[Purposes] This paper makes an empirical study on the relevant factors affecting the practice of open peer review so as to verify the key influencing factors of open peer review. [Methods] We selected the open peer review journals in Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) as the research objects, and fetched their relevant data from internet by web crawling. Using variable classification and assignment, we qualitatively analyzed the relevant factors affecting open peer review. A multiscale analysis chart was used to illustrate the influencing factors on open peer review as well as to visualize the internal correlations of them in different categories. The optimal scale regression model was used to reveal the influence of the factors in open peer review. [Findings] Open peer review is closely related to the open category of peer review expert identity. The peer review expert identity has a both positive and significant impact on open peer review, and the degree of correlation is very high. [Conclusions] Whether the identity of open peer reviewer is made public or not has become the most important factor affecting the practice modes of open peer review. Transparent peer review is an important and effective practice mode of open peer review.
[Purposes] This paper discusses the response of international publishing industry of medical journals in peer review and content access to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and its long-term impact and further proposes suggestions for the development of Chinese medical journals, in order to help Chinese medical journals adapt to international academic publishing industry and cope with the challenges of future public health emergencies. [Methods] According to the related papers from Web of Science and Google Scholar, news of global publishing industry, and information from publishing industry associations, this paper analyzed the main strategies of international medical journals in response to the pandemic in terms of peer review and open science, the outcomes, and the long-term impact, and put forward suggestions for Chinese medical journals. [Findings] Amid the pandemic, international medical journals accelerated peer review and open access and improved data mining. To be specific, with special editors and expert teams for the papers on COVID-19 and via preprint platforms, the review was significantly faster, but the balance between speed and quality was a challenge. Open science was deepened among medical journals and open access was sped up. Moreover, major open access databases have been established, and data mining tools have been developed. Compared with international journals, Chinese medical journals have few means to speed up peer review and open science, without cooperation with multiple platforms and institutions. In addition, they have low ability of resource optimization and integration, with no preprint platforms, self-organizing peer review platform, or abundant data mining research. [Conclusions] The acceleration of peer review and the development of open science during the pandemic will have long-term impact on the international medical academic publishing industry. Chinese journals should establish efficient and standardized peer review systems and develop review platforms in order to deal with the evolution and acceleration of global peer review. Chinese academic journals should pay close attention to the impact of preprint, open data platforms, and data mining tools in the medical publishing industry.
[Purposes] This study offers a solution for integrated processing of two-dimensional codes in scientific journals with Computer Systems and Applications as an example to make the process more operable, reliable, and efficient, which is expected to serve as a reference for other journals. [Methods] We first summarized and analyzed the common problems in manual processing of two-dimensional codes, then designed the integrated processing tool for two-dimensional codes using Python language, and compared it with the manual processing. [Findings] The integrated tool can realize the automatic generation, insertion, and verification of two-dimensional codes. Taking Computer Systems and Applications as an example, manual processing of two-dimensional codes in 45 papers takes about 2 hours, while the automatic processing only costs about 30 seconds with no error. The verification of two-dimensional codes by the integrated tool is independent of the websites, thus smoothing the traditional publishing process in the presence of two-dimensional codes. [Conclusions] The proposed solution can deal with two-dimensional codes in scientific journals with high efficiency and accuracy. Computer automation boasts higher efficiency and reliability in dealing with repetitive work. Editors of scientific journals should think more about the publishing process and constantly improve work efficiency and workflow with the help of computer technology.
[Purposes] This paper aims to explore the digital scholarship service of scientific journals in e-science environment. Taking Elsevier as a typical case, we conduct a comprehensive survey and analysis of its digital scholarship services, in order to provide reference for the development of digital scholarship services of scientific journals in China. [Methods] According to the theory of research lifecycle, a case study of Elsevier's digital scholarship services was conducted from three aspects: knowledge service in research preparation period, publishing service in paper writing and publishing period, and scholarly communication and dissemination service after publishing. [Findings] Elsevier has provided rich, professional, and precise digital scholarship services for the needs of users in the whole research lifecycle, which fully supports all links of digital scholarship activities. [Conclusions] Elsevier's digital scholarship services can cover all research processes, and its service methods and tools are basically mature. Chinese scientific journals should seize the opportunity of transformation from academic publishing to research service under the favorable policy environment, and further narrow the gap with international excellent journals.
[Purposes] Amid the open science initiative, FAIR Principles have become more important in data publishing of scientific journals, and exploring the value and implementation methods of the principles is of great significance for their promotion. [Methods] Taking major international journal publishers and representative scientific journals as examples and through investigation, we analyzed the application of the principles. [Findings] Most of the core content of the principles has been implemented in data publishing of scientific journals, such as data description and storage, data review, and data publishing and sharing. [Conclusions] FAIR Principles should be further promoted worldwide by strengthening the collaboration between publishers and stakeholders, promoting the construction of data repositories, and bolster the publicity and promotion among researchers.
[Purposes] This paper sorts out the practice and characteristics of the data publishing management of Library Journal, so as to provide a reference for the data publishing of academic journals in China. [Methods] The case analysis method and induction method were used to summarize the technical solutions, system frameworks, functions, data publication types, structure frameworks of data papers, and data policies of Library Journal Data Publishing Management Platform, and the outcomes were summed up. [Findings] With various functions, the high-tech Library Journal Data Publishing Management Platform provides standard data paper structure and sound data policies, showing extensive influence in the domestic journal industry and paving the way for developing data publishing platform of international level. [Conclusions] Despite the remarkable outcomes, Library Journal Data Publishing Management Platform, should strive to improve the proportion of data papers, data review mechanism, and data publishing team. Moreover, we should learn from the domestic and foreign data publishing journals to improve each process in data publishing and strengthen quality control, expand the visibility of the platform through registration, authentication, and indexing on international platforms, and seek for continuous financial support to achieve sustainable development. We should make efforts to optimize the publishing management team, standardize data review methods and standards, and cultivate the data literacy of scientific researchers.
[Purposes] This paper evaluates the scientific data policies of foreign academic journals, summarizes the content elements, and thereby puts forward suggestions for formulation and improvement of related policies in China. [Methods] The latest scientific data policies of academic journals of foreign academic publishers and academic organizations were selected and a policy text analysis coding system was constructed based on qualitative text analysis, followed by policy assessment analysis and extraction of policy content elements. [Findings] We propose suggestions for the formulation and improvement of current scientific data policies of domestic academic publishers in accordance with the assessment results of the foreign policies. [Conclusions] With reference to the analysis result of scientific data policies of foreign academic publishers, efforts should be made by the counterparts in China to formulate and adjust the current scientific data policies, supplement and improve the core content elements, and make the policies comply with those formulated by other stakeholders.
[Purposes] This paper discusses the effect of the Editing Competition for Young Editors of Scientific Journals (hereinafter referred to as the competition) on the cultivation of young editorial talents. [Methods] The competitions held from 2017 to 2020 were analyzed. Combined with the questionnaire survey, this paper evaluated the professional status of outstanding young editors of scientific journals according to the award-winning contestants, and analyzed the effect of the competition on talent cultivation, so as to provide references for the analysis of young editors of scientific journals. [Findings] The competitions had unique features, which promoted exchanges among editors of journals on different disciplines, editors responsible for different processes of publishing, and editors of journals in different languages. The content of the competitions involves both the professional knowledge and other qualities. It is organized in a rigorous but not rigid manner, thus attracts a lot of young editors. The winners in the competitions were competent and excellent in the publishing industry, showing the style and strength of young editors. They were dynamic with a thorough knowledge of this occupation and clear career plans. [Conclusions] The competition, as one of the effective ways to discover and cultivate talents, builds a stage for young editors to display and communicate. Practice has proved that the competition tests the publishing level and actual ability of editors, and it promotes the editors' accomplishment and career development, thereby contributing to the construction of world-class journals.
[Purposes] This paper is to offer a new method to construct a more scientific evaluation index system of professional quality for first-class scientific journals editors. [Methods] On the basis of literature analysis and expert interview to determine the professional quality structure of first-class scientific journal editors, the analytic hierarchy process and entropy weight method were creatively introduced to calculate the composite weight of each index. [Findings] According to the summary and analysis, we determine three primary indicators—psychological quality, character quality, and professional attributes, seven secondary indicators—cognitive ability, personality traits, adaptability, values, attitude, professional knowledge, and professional skills, and 28 tertiary indicators—insight, responsibility, political literacy, professionalism, etc. According to the compound weight value, we find that for first-class scientific journals editors, the values and attitudes are the core indicators, professional knowledge and skills are the basic indicators, and psychological quality is the key indicator that cannot be ignored. [Conclusions] The evaluation index system, with a more comprehensive index structure and a more scientific index weight calculation method, can provide basic data and theoretical method guidance for relevant departments to formulate a standardized professional quality evaluation system for first-class scientific journals editors, and offer some references for the evaluation of professional quality, talent selection, talent training, and talent assessment of editors.
[Purposes] This study aims to explore the key construction measures for scientific journals to prevent fake websites, and to enhance the ability of Chinese scientific journals to prevent fake websites. [Methods] Searching method was used to investigate 15 preventive technical indicators for the top 100 Chinese scientific journals in "Chinese Science and Technology Journal Citation Reports" (core, 2020 edition). SPSS software was used to construct statistical model for proceeding multifactorial correlation analysis between construction factors for preventing fake website and the number of the fake website. Meanwhile, the relevant results were compared with the research results of the leading journals and key journals in the Excellence Action Plan for China STM Journals. Questionnaire survey was used to investigate the measures taken by some journals of the Excellence Action Plan for China STM Journals to deal with the infringement of fake websites. [Findings] The ranking optimization of Baidu search engine is highly correlated with the decreasing number of the fake websites. The full-text download from the homepage, RSS subscription, website URL showing on WeChat are all correlated with the decreasing number of fake websites to some extent. [Conclusions] Scientific journals should optimize search engine ranking, optimize guidance of new media platform, expand the accessible channels of official website URL, improve the faking difficulty of the service content from homepage, upgrade measures to combat fake websites, and suggest that management departments and national legislatures should crackdown the whole industry chain of fake websites, to prevent infringement of fake websites.
[Purposes] Combining the citation content analysis data deprived from Scite.ai platform and the traditional citation indicators, this paper investigates the method of evaluating the academic influence of scientific journals. [Methods] Taking 42 international otorhinolaryngology journals as cases, combining 8 traditional citation indicators and 5 citation content analysis indicators, we used the method of multi-indicator fusion to construct a comprehensive evaluation model of journal impact. Through normalization processing, correlation analysis, reliability analysis, validity analysis, and factor analysis, we evaluated the macroscopical impact (Fmacro) and microscopical impact (Fmicro) of otorhinolaryngology journals respectively. [Findings] It is found that 8 traditional citation indicators present strong positive correlations, and the indicators are highly consistent overall and internally. There are high positive correlations among 4 citation indicators based on Scite.ai platform, and the SI (Scite Index) does not have correlation with the other 4 citation indicators. The correlation coefficient between Fmacro and Fmicro is 0.492, with a moderate positive correlation. It indicates that the evaluation of otolaryngology journals' microscopical impact based on Scite.ai indicators is a useful supplement to the evaluation of academic impact based on traditional citation. [Conclusions] The indicator SI is not appropriate for evaluating journal impact solely due to its week correlations with other Scite.ai indicators. It makes sense to combine the traditional citation indicators and citation content analysis data to evaluate academic impact.
[Purposes] This paper analyzes the relationship between the attention of mainstream academic groups and the academic status of journals and verifies the effectiveness of the attention indicators in monitoring the change of journal impact, which is expected to enhance the self-diagnosis and development of journals. [Methods] Based on the theory of academic credit evaluation, this paper proposed a method to measure the influence of journals according to the academic credit, designed the relevant indicators to investigate the influence of changes in the attention of mainstream academic groups on the academic status of journals, and tested the method with two journals in library and information whose academic status was unstable. [Findings] The attention of mainstream academic groups to a particular journal is in positive correlation with the academic status of the journal, and the indicators of the attention, such as the number of per capita published articles, annual total number of published articles, annual total number of scholars who published articles, number of per capita citations, annual total number of citations, and annual total number of scholars who cited the target journals, can characterize the academic status of a journal. [Conclusions] The theory of academic credit evaluation provides a new perspective for monitoring and evaluating the influence of journals. Identifying mainstream academic groups and keeping in contact with them can help bolster the academic status of journals. Monitoring the changes of attention of mainstream academic groups can help predict the impact and academic status of journals.
[Purposes] This paper aims to evaluate the staged construction effect under the support of policies and funds of Project for Enhancing International Impact of China STM Journals and Excellence Action Plan for China STM Journals in the past ten years. It can provide references to accelerate the construction of world-class scientific journals. [Methods] Based on Journal Citation Reports (JCR) impact factor, we picked out the outstanding Chinese scientific journals entered into the JCR international first-class (ranking in top 10%, top 5% and top 5 of JCR Q1) from 2018 to 2020. Then, the basic information of these journals, such as sponsors and fundings, was acquired through public channels such as journal web pages, and the JCR multidimensional indexes were tracked from 2018 to 2020. The development of these journals was comprehensively analyzed. [Findings] From 2018 to 2020, there are a total of 51 international first-class Chinese scientific journals in JCR. They are collected in 38 sub-disciplines and 12 major disciplines in the JCR. Famous universities, research institutions, and societies with superior disciplines are the main forces in running outstanding scientific journals in China. Excellence Action Plan for China STM Journals is more accurate than Project for Enhancing International Impact of China STM Journals on the funding of journal construction. From 2018 to 2020, more than 70% of the 51 outstanding scientific journals in China have been ranked in the top 10% of the JCR disciplines. [Conclusions] Remarkable achievements have been made in the construction of outstanding Chinese scientific journals, and the international influence of the journals has been improved rapidly. In 2019, Chinese scientific journals indexed by SCIE ranking in the top 5% and top 10% of the JCR disciplines accounted for 6.58% and 13.17%, respectively, surpassing the world average for the first time. Project for Enhancing International Impact of China STM Journals and Excellence Action Plan for China STM Journals have played an important demonstration and leading role in the development of scientific journals in China.
[Purposes] Based on Retraction Watch database and Web of Science (WoS) database, this paper aims to compare and analyze the characteristics of retracted papers from China, Japan, India, and Republic of Korea, and explore the differences and inner laws of retracted papers characteristics among countries with similar cultural background. [Methods] Through Retraction Watch database, the data of retracted papers characteristics in four countries from 2016 to 2020 were searched. Through WoS database, the total number of published articles in four countries from 2016 to 2020 and JCR division of retraction journals were also searched. The item-by-item statistics on the characteristics of relative retraction ratio, retraction time lag, retraction reasons, retraction journal attribute, and discipline which the retracted papers belonged to were conducted, and the relevant characteristics differences among four countries were analyzed statistically and comparatively. [Findings] China's relative retraction ratio and average retraction time lag are higher than those of the other three countries. Among four countries, the percentage of retracted papers due to academic misconduct is the highest. The retraction journals are predominantly included in WoS database, with journals included in JCR Q1 and Q2 dominating the WoS-indexed journals. The percentage of retracted papers in the basic life sciences in four countries is the highest. [Conclusions] The characteristics of retracted papers in countries with similar cultural backgrounds not only show certain differences, but also have certain consistency. It is suggested that domestic scholars should have an in-depth understanding of the relevant characteristics of the retracted papers, and improve the awareness of scientific research integrity and academic norms. Domestic journals should strengthen the examination and review of papers in advance, and establish the system and mechanism of paper retraction afterwards.