[Purposes] From the perspective of bounded rationality theory, this paper puts forward a theoretical framework for the influencing factors of improper authorship in scientific journal papers, so as to provide references for the construction of scientific research integrity and academic norms. [Methods] Through questionnaire surveys and data statistics, the actual performance, causes, and influencing factors of improper authorship in scientific journals were studied. [Findings] The model of influencing factors of improper authorship in scientific journals from the perspective of bounded rationality theory is verified, and the results show that academic literacy and academic environment as constraints have a significant impact on improper authorship behavior. [Conclusions] To enhance research integrity and academic norms in China, it is suggested that in addition to strengthening academic ethics education, reforming the scientific research evaluation systems, and clarifying the responsibilities of academic journals, it is necessary to pay attention to the refinement and standardization of authorship guidelines in scientific journal publications, explore "supply-side" reforms by academic journals to address improper authorship behavior, and clarify the strategies of journal editors in dealing with such behavior.
[Purposes] This study aims to extract the characteristics of science videos with plagiarism and provide practical recommendations for scientific journals to prevent research outcomes from being edited into inappropriate science short videos by collecting and analyzing short science videos with plagiarism. [Methods] Content analysis was employed to probe into the data of science short videos from multiple perspectives. The characteristics of plagiarism in these videos were summarized and the impacts of these videos on the dissemination of research findings and scientific journals were analyzed. [Findings] The plagiarism of research results from scientific journals in science short videos damages the academic reputation of scientific journals. Moreover, the fragmented and inaccurate dissemination of research findings through these videos confuses public perceptions. [Conclusions] Scientific journals can take measures to prevent and control the plagiarism of science short videos by strengthening cooperation with sponsors in science popularization and promotion, enhancing copyright awareness, and promoting the improvement of regulatory frameworks. Furthermore, they can collaborate with science video bloggers to achieve mutual benefits, advocate platform regulation, and establish a mechanism for the authorization of secondary creations.
[Purposes] This paper aims to accurately identify the data risks associated with the application of big data technology in academic journal publishing activities to provide a reference for implementing effective risk prevention strategies for academic journals. [Methods] The specific data risks faced by academic journals were identified by defining data risks, identifying the types of data affected and the relevant parties involved, and considering various stages of the publishing process. At the same time, according to the technical and legal factors contributing to data risks, the root causes of data risks were deeply analyzed. [Findings] Based on the identification of data risks and the in-depth analysis from technical and legal perspectives, it is concluded that academic journals need to prevent data risks from the subjective level, technical level, and legal level. [Conclusions] Academic journals should improve data identification and sensitivity, and adhere to data security awareness and confidentiality obligations at the subjective level; adopt appropriate data storage and processing solutions, and implement data classification and management at the technical level; improve data service contract terms, and avoid data ownership and copyright disputes at the legal level.
[Purposes] As the key segment in the quality control of academic journals, open peer review has received increasing attention for its advantages of openness and transparency. This paper attempts to explore the progress and current situation of open peer review in practice and provide references for the practice of open peer review in academic journals in China. [Methods] In terms of the progress of open peer review in practice, the characteristics of open peer review were clarified through the development of open peer review and its publication process. In terms of the current state of practice, three open peer review journals of the European Geosciences Union were selected as examples to reveal the actual situation of open peer review from the perspective of data. [Findings] The number of open peer review journals and the number of researchers participating in open peer review are gradually increasing, but compared with traditional peer review journals, open peer review journals are still a minority and the degree of openness is low. At the same time, most of researchers are unwilling to be named. [Conclusions] It is suggested that Chinese academic journals should try to open peer review by initially adopting open anonymous review, and during the process, the shortcomings of open peer review should be acknowledged, and the opinions and needs of experts should be given due attention.
[Purposes] This paper aims to explore the characteristics of the manuscript review process and the implementation of the three-review system by investigating the current situation of the manuscript review process of scientific journals in China, so as to provide a basis for improving the manuscript review process of scientific journals. [Methods] From August to September 2022, by using a questionnaire survey and analysis method, 131 scientific journals supervised or sponsored by various institutions in Shandong Province were selected as journal samples, and editors from scientific journals in China were selected as editor samples. The network questionnaires were distributed to investigate the basic information of each journal, the manuscript review process, and the composition of review panels. [Findings] A total of 127 questionnaires from scientific journals in Shandong Province and 161 questionnaires from editors of scientific journals in China are collected. At the provincial and national levels, the majority of journals (61.42% and 52.80%) adopts a four-step manuscript review process of "preliminary review-peer review-re-review-final review", and only 6.30% and 4.35% of the journals follow a three-step process of "preliminary review-re-review-final review". In terms of preliminary reviewers, the editors with intermediate professional titles constitute the largest proportion of scientific journals in Shandong Province and nationwide (59.06% and 56.52%, respectively). In terms of the re-review process, editors with senior professional titles or above account for the highest proportion at the provincial level (68.50%), while peer review experts are predominant at the national level (59.01%). In terms of final review, chief editors of scientific journals at the provincial level hold the highest proportion (90.55%), while editorial directors/executive chief editors of scientific journals hold the highest proportion (47.20%) at the national level. Furthermore, 96.06% of scientific journals in Shandong Province and 96.27% of nationwide scientific journals include peer review process in the review process, with double-blind review being the most common method. [Conclusions] The review process and reviewer composition of scientific journals are diversified based on the three-review system. Peer review is widely integrated into the review process of scientific journals, but there is a noticeable lack of coherence between peer review and the three-review system.
[Purposes] This paper aims to elucidate the recent advancements in intelligent research pertaining to text and data mining in scientific journals in China and abroad and explore strategic solutions for the intelligent development of text and data mining in scientific journals. [Methods] We conducted literature retrieval in English databases, including Web of Science (SCIE, SSCI, and ESI), ScienceDirect, Elsevier, as well as Chinese databases such as CNKI from 2019 to 2023 to investigate the progress on intelligent research in text and data mining in scientific journals in China and abroad. Moreover, we explored the intelligent development directions of text and data mining in scientific journals and provided suggestions for strategic solutions in this field. [Findings] At present, the current state of intelligent research on text and data mining in scientific journals abroad reveals significant progress in various areas, including topic planning, preprints, literature evaluation, peer review, as well as model exploration and methodologies. However, Chinese scientific journals face challenges such as insufficient technology integration capability, inadequate publishing practices, imprecise text data extraction, and incomplete intelligent algorithms and logic. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the basic layout of text and data mining, promote integrated development, encourage research on publishing practices, conduct in-depth mining of text and data, and further build complete text and data mining rules for scientific journals. [Conclusions] The intelligent development of text and data mining in scientific journals can expedite and enhance researchers' access to abundant scientific literature information, providing deeper insights and research directions. However, further research and practical exploration are still needed to develop technical application solutions in this field.
[Purposes] This study aims to explore the applicability of ChatGPT in the text editing for abstracts in Chinese scientific journals and provide a reference for editors to adapt to the development of artificial intelligence. [Methods] A total of 50 abstracts in Chinese scientific journals were taken as the test texts, and the differences before and after editing by ChatGPT 3.5 were analyzed. [Findings] ChatGPT corrects the grammar errors, polishes the language, and standardizes academic expression. However, it has defects such as providing error message or misusing specialized terms. [Conclusions] ChatGPT could assist editors in text editing, while the manual judgment is still irreplaceable. We should give priority to the cultivation of intelligent information literacy and the research & development of artificial intelligence tools for editors in China.
[Purposes] By summarizing the practical prospect of the metaverse empowering the scientific journal industry, it is expected to provide innovative ideas for the future path of digital transformation and upgrading of Chinese scientific journals. [Methods] By using the methods of literature analysis and case analysis, this paper summarized the practical prospect of digital transformation of scientific journals under the metaverse situation from four aspects: knowledge discovery in multi-source data, knowledge processing in interactive scenarios, knowledge review with the participation of "AI review experts", and knowledge diffusion on digital infrastructure. [Findings] There are some problems in the preliminary exploration of the digital transformation of scientific journals under the metaverse situation, such as lagging concept, widening gap, ethical anomy, and low degree of intensification. From the perspective of multiple stakeholders, the editor's cognition level should be improved; coordinated efforts of government departments are required; the use path of technologies shall be innovated; the digital infrastructure system should be improved. [Conclusions] It is necessary to dialectically view the opportunities and challenges provided by the metaverse for the digital intelligent transformation of scientific journals and reasonably grasp the revolutionary opportunities provided by emerging technologies for the presentation of scientific knowledge, scene processing, precise push, open review, and knowledge diffusion.
[Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the operation status of WeChat video accounts of Chinese geoscience core journals, so as to provide case support for a more comprehensive and objective discussion of the operation of WeChat video accounts of Chinese scientific journals. [Methods] A total of 98 core Chinese geoscience scientific journals included in the Outline of Chinese Core Journals (2020) were taken as the research object, and the main information of WeChat video account opening, basic data, operation status, and other aspects of these journals was investigated. [Findings] The WeChat video accounts of the Chinese geoscience core journals are still in their early stages, with a low opening rate and generally late opening time. The basic information of some accounts is incomplete, and the details need to be improved. There are many problems in operation, such as unclear content orientation, simple conversion of papers in most video contents, slightly rough production, generally unsatisfactory operation effect, low user interaction, and lack of operation thinking of mass communication. Overall, these problems are also common in the operation of short video platforms for Chinese scientific journals. [Conclusions] WeChat video accounts of Chinese geoscience core journals need to solve common problems, and they should focus on content planning based on the characteristics of the discipline and the journal. First, it is necessary to improve the information and enhance the credibility of the account. Secondly, the platform should be clearly positioned, and a periodic push plan should be developed. Thirdly, the journals should pay attention to the operation thinking of mass communication. Finally, based on the perspective of geoscience, attractive and relevant knowledge points should be selected, and richer professional elements should be presented in an easy-to-understand way. In addition, it is possible to open a WeChat video account for a geoscience journal cluster based on disciplines or publishing units/societies, so as to integrate resources and achieve a win-win situation.
[Purposes] This paper conducts an in-depth analysis of the research performance of the young talent support project of Excellence Action Plan for China STM Journals, so as to provide a reference for reforming the management of fund projects that support young editorial talent. [Methods] Based on the research papers produced by the project in 2020 and 2021, the characteristics of the relevant papers were summarized from the perspectives of the number of papers, topics of papers, and cited frequency. [Findings] The retrieved 102 articles are mainly published in top journals in the field, such as Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals and Acta Editologica, with diverse research themes, but they are influenced by the pre-determined themes of the project publishers, and the number of project leaders from other projects in the Excellence Action Plan for China STM Journals increases but does not account for a high proportion. [Conclusions] It is recommended that the fund project management department should optimize project management, strengthen the promotion of results, and deepen participation in project implementation.
[Purposes] Editors with high professional loyalty often have a strong emotional attachment to the scientific journal industry and generate a strong sense of obligation and a high level of professionalism. In turn, they will make more innovative behaviors that the scientific journal industry expects, which is of great significance for world-class scientific journal construction. [Methods] Based on the industry, a large-scale questionnaire survey was conducted in China, and based on 940 valid questionnaires, this paper measured the actual level of professional loyalty of scientific journal editors and revealed its internal mechanism through descriptive analysis, comparative analysis, and regression analysis. [Findings] At present, the professional loyalty of scientific journal editors is at a moderate level, and most editors have a good willingness to continue their careers. There is a high positive correlation between professional loyalty and the willingness to continue in the career. The higher the regional professional loyalty, the more editors are willing to continue their careers. The cumulative working years in the industry, rewards and benefits, clear job responsibilities, and social respect can all significantly affect professional loyalty. Gender, type of organizers, rewards and benefits, clear job responsibilities, social respect, and workload all have a significant impact on the editor's willingness to continue their careers. [Conclusions] The improvement of professional loyalty in scientific journal editors requires efforts from multiple aspects: clearly defining job responsibilities, scientifically addressing the phenomenon of excessive workload through reasonable authorization, job reshaping, and psychological adjustment; improving policy support for professional title evaluation and salary and benefits to enhance satisfaction; creating a harmonious public opinion environment and actively disseminating the positive energy of the scientific journal industry; paying attention to creating a soft environment with diverse forms of support, and exploring an important battlefield for enhancing the loyalty of editorial talents.
[Purposes] This study aims to understand the authors' service demands in the editing and publishing of nursing journals in China and put forward targeted suggestions. [Methods] The methods of focus groups and semi-structured interviews in qualitative research were used to survey the service demands of nursing journal authors from March to April in 2023. [Findings] The service demands of authors in editing and publishing of nursing journals are extracted into 3 categories and 7 classes, including basic services (4 classes), special services (2 classes), and extended services (1 class). [Conclusions] On the basis of the qualitative research on the service demands of authors in the editing and publishing of nursing journals, suggestions are put forward to improve the service experience of authors, so as to stabilize and expand the author group and facilitate the high-quality development of nursing journals.
[Purposes] This paper evaluates Chinese SCIE-indexed scientific journals from two perspectives: innovation and influence, analyzes the differences in ranking and paper distribution of scientific journals based on different evaluation perspectives, and explores the consistency between evaluation results of different indicators and peer review results, so as to improve and perfect the existing evaluation system of scientific journals. [Methods] Based on 37 Chinese SCIE-indexed scientific journals in China in mechanical engineering, environmental science, interdisciplinary material science, and mathematics and 28 Chinese SCIE-indexed scientific journals in virology, the data of journal impact factor (JIF), journal citation indicator (JCI), JCR partition, and citation relationship of research papers of selected journals were obtained from JCR and OpenCitations Index of Crossref open DOI-to-DOI citations respectively, and the absolute disruption index of each research paper and the journal disruption index (JDI) were calculated and compared. The evaluation effect of JDI was verified by using High-Quality Journal Classification Catalogue. [Findings] In the five fields selected, the percentage of journals with the same innovation ranking and impact ranking is less than 1/4. JCI has the smallest difference in ranking with JDI in four fields except for environmental science, while JIF has the largest difference with JDI in four fields other than mechanical engineering. In innovation/influence partition, the distribution of research papers is even. Within specific journals, the innovation level of research papers is scattered. Compared with the influence indicators, the evaluation results of JDI are more consistent with the peer review results of authoritative experts. [Conclusions] There are significant differences between the influence and innovation rankings of journals. The influence indicator fails to reflect the level of innovation of journals and papers. In the field of virology, the attractiveness of Chinese scientific journals for disruptive innovations still needs to be improved.
[Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the problems existing in the 370 withdrawal statements of CNKI, Wanfang, and Weipu and puts forward countermeasures, so as to provide a reference for standardizing the content and releasing form of the withdrawal statements of Chinese academic journals. [Methods] This paper retrieved all the withdrawal statements of the three Chinese academic journal databases from their inception to December 31, 2021, and analyzed their annual distribution, withdrawal time delay, database distribution, content, reasons, tagging of withdrawal papers, and cited frequency of withdrawal papers. [Findings] The number of withdrawal statements reached a peak (98) in 2020. The number of withdrawal statements of CNKI, Wanfang, and Weipu respectively was 123, 164, and 231. The longest withdrawal time delay was 268 months. The writing of withdrawal statements was not standardized in aspects of title, text, and signature. The most reason for withdrawal was academic misconduct (301). In three databases, only 86 withdrawal papers of CNKI were marked with "withdrawal". 102 papers were completely deleted from the databases, and 302 available papers were cited 2687 times. [Conclusions] Chinese academic journal databases need to make withdrawal statement templates and standardize withdrawal statement releases. The editorial departments should standardize writing and management of withdrawal statements. The databases should strengthen cooperation between themselves and with the editorial departments. The relevant departments should establish releasing website for withdrawal statements and increase supervision of databases and editorial departments.
[Purposes] This paper compares the publishing characteristics and academic influence of overseas comprehensive geriatric journals in different academic zones, aiming to explore the measures for improving the sustainable development of geriatric journals in China and provide a reference for the high-quality development of comprehensive scientific journals. [Methods] Six comprehensive geriatric journals sponsored by overseas geriatrics societies, including 3 journals in Q1/Q2 zone and 3 journals in Q3/Q4 zone of academic influence, were selected. The citation indicators in JCR and Web of Science and related journal websites were employed to analyze the contributions of different publication types to academic influence and the differences of publication topics. Furthermore, suggestions were put forward to strengthen the academic influence of comprehensive scientific journals in China in view of their development status and subject characteristics. [Findings] The journals in Q1/Q2 zone have a wider distribution of source countries and a higher number of publications than those in Q3/Q4 zone, with abundant publications of Chinese scholars. The journals in Q1/Q2 zone have higher citation rates of papers and lower rates of zero citations. These journals have low proportions of essays and reviews, while they publish more papers in featured and thematic columns and have higher cited frequency than those in Q3/Q4 zone. The academic quality of guidelines and consensus published by journals in Q3/Q4 zone remains to be improved. The journals in Q1/Q2 zone have fewer sub-specialty topics and focus more on multi-disciplinary comprehensive topics than the journals in Q3/Q4 zone. [Conclusions] To improve the academic influence of comprehensive scientific journals, efforts should be made to strengthen the overall management of the quantity and quality of different types of papers, attach importance to featured columns, plan multi-dimensional special topics, and pay attention to multi-disciplinary comprehensive topics.