【目的】 试图找出高校教师在学术论文发表中不端行为的影响因素,为学术期刊规避高校教师作者的不端行为提供参考。【方法】 深度访谈并编码高校教师、期刊编辑、审稿专家对学术不端影响因素的看法,构建高校教师论文发表中学术不端行为影响因素的作用机制模型。【结果】 学术素养、制度政策、把关服务和学术环境4个主类属是影响高校教师在论文发表中学术不端行为的重要因素。【结论】 学术不端行为的防范和治理需要学术共同体的共同努力。提升高校教师的学术素养是规避学术不端行为的前提。此外,高校应创新学术评价机制、建立健全学术监督惩处机制,编辑和审稿专家要认真履行把关职责,社会、高校和学术期刊应创设风清气正的学术环境。
[Purposes]This paper tries to find out the influencing factors of academic misconduct of college teachers in the publication of academic papers, which is expected to serve as a reference for academic journals to avoid the misconduct. [Methods] Through in-depth interviews of college teachers, editors, and reviewers on the influencing factors of academic misconduct and coding of the text versions of interview dialogues, a mechanism model for the influencing factors of academic misconduct was constructed. [Findings] Academic literacy, regulations and policies, gatekeeper service, and academic atmosphere are four main categories which influence the academic misconduct of college teachers in publishing academic papers. [Conclusions] The prevention and control of academic misconduct requires the joint efforts of the academic community, for which improving academic literacy of college teachers is the premise. In addition, colleges should develop a new academic evaluation system and establish a sound mechanism for academic supervision and punishment, while editors and reviewers should be serious about the review of papers. Moreover, the society, colleges, and academic journals should create a positive and sound academic atmosphere together.
张兰. 学术期刊视角下高校教师学术不端行为的影响机制——基于扎根理论的探索性研究[J]. 中国科技期刊研究, 2020, 31(12): 1417-1423.
ZHANG Lan. Influence mechanism of academic misconduct of college teachers from the perspective of academic journals: An exploratory study based on grounded theory[J]. Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals, 2020, 31(12): 1417-1423.