【目的】 总结医学科技期刊退稿稿件的作者申诉情况,对其审稿意见及申诉结果进行分析,为编辑了解该类稿件的处理方式提供参考。【方法】 收集《中华神经科杂志》2015—2018年被退稿后作者提起申诉的稿件,分析其审稿意见特点、作者的申诉理由以及对应的申诉处理结果。【结果】 申诉论文的退稿原因各异,因写作问题而被退稿的稿件申诉成功率相对较高,因新意不足或科学性错误被退稿的稿件申诉成功率为0。在各类申诉理由中,作者认为可以根据退稿意见修改的论文申诉成功率相对较高,因对退稿意见不理解而提起的申诉均维持退稿处理。部分申诉论文的退稿意见过于笼统,并未提出具体的指导建议。【结论】 客观详尽的退稿意见可以有效减少申诉事件的发生。编辑应根据申诉稿件的特点采取相应的处理策略,帮助作者接受稿件的最终处理意见,这也是提升作者投稿体验和维护期刊形象的关键。
[Purposes] This study aims to provide some advice for editing strategy of the appeal articles which are rejected by medical scientific journals by summarizing the authors' appeals and reviewer comments. [Methods] We collected the appeal articles of the Chinese Journal of Neurology from 2015 to 2018 and analyzed the reviewer comments, appeal reasons, and results. [Findings] The reviewer comments of these rejected articles are different, the success rate of the articles which are rejected due to lack of creativity and scientific error is 0, and some articles got successful appeals which are rejected due to insufficient information and poor writing skill. The success rate of those articles which can be modified according to the rejection opinions is relatively high, and the articles whose review comments are not understood are maintained as rejected. Some review comments of the appeal articles are not described in detail, which is not specific guidance and suggestions for authors. [Conclusions] Objective and specific rejection opinions can effectively reduce the occurrence of appeals. Editors should take different measures according to the characters of appeal articles, so as to be sure that authors can accept the reviewer comments, which is also the key to improve the experience of authors' contribution and preserve the image of journals.
Appeal of rejected article,
Result of appeal,
Medical scientific journal