中国科技期刊研究 ›› 2016, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (9): 1002-1007.doi: 10.11946/cjstp.201604110294

• 评价与分析 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国近代科技期刊的种类数量与创刊时间统计分析——以上海图书馆馆藏文献为例

吴川灵   

  1. 东华大学出版社,上海市延安西路1882号 200051
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-11 修回日期:2016-08-04 出版日期:2016-09-15 发布日期:2016-09-15
  • 作者简介:吴川灵(ORCID:0000-0001-6698-0871),硕士,副编审,E-mail: superwu8@163.com

The number, type and launching time of scientific journals in modern China:taking scientific journals in Shanghai Library as an example

WU Chuanling   

  1. Donghua University Press, 1882 West Yan'an Road, Shanghai200051, China
  • Received:2016-04-11 Revised:2016-08-04 Online:2016-09-15 Published:2016-09-15

摘要:

目的】统计分析中国近代科技期刊的情况,为中国近代科技史研究提供材料,并为中国当代科技期刊的发展提供借鉴和启示。【方法】以上海图书馆馆藏中国近代科技期刊为样本,统计分析其种类、数量、各分类最早创刊刊物情况,并根据创刊时间统计其在各年代的分布。【结果】我国近代科技期刊种类广、数量多,学科、地域、时代特色明显,各年代创刊数量受政治经济因素影响而产生波动。【结论】我国近代科技期刊经历了萌芽期、上升期、鼎盛期和回落期。分析内容对当代中国科技期刊的发展也有所启示:科技期刊要适应大众需求并引领潮流,科技期刊的发展需要社会的稳定和国家的强盛。

关键词: 近代中国, 科技期刊, 种类, 数量, 创刊时间, 统计分析

Abstract:

[Purposes]The paper aims to analyze scientific journals in modern China in order to research the history of science and technology and be helpful to the present age.[Methods]The amount and type of scientific journals in modern China were studied by taking scientific journals in Shanghai Library as an example.The earliest journal in each branch was analyzed.And the first time of journalswas listed.[Findings]Scientific journals in modern China are distributed in a wide range largely and the amount in various periods is affected by politics and econom ics.[Conclusions]The statistics and analysis draws the outline of the journals,that is, there are four periods:forming, rising, peak and waning.Now we can gain enlightenment from it:scientific journals would meet people's needs,and its development depends on peaceful environment.

Key words: Modern China, Scientific journal, Number, Type, Launching time, Statistical analysis