中国科技期刊研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 506-511.doi: 10.11946/cjstp.201901100027

• 质量建设 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物学期刊“同等贡献”作者署名论文调查与分析

刘素青1),张凌2),林娜娜3)   

  1. 1) 中国科学院昆明动物研究所《动物学研究(英)》编辑部,云南省昆明市五华区教场东路32号 650223
    2) 中国科学院昆明植物研究所《应用天然产物(英)》编辑部,云南省昆明市蓝黑路132号 650201
    3) 中国科学院昆明植物研究所《植物多样性(英)》编辑部,云南省昆明市蓝黑路132号 650201
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-10 修回日期:2019-03-07 出版日期:2019-05-15 发布日期:2019-05-31
  • 作者简介:刘素青(ORCID:0000-0003-2441-9087),硕士,编辑,E-mail: liusuqing@mail.kiz.ac.cn|张 凌,博士,编辑|林娜娜,博士,副编审

Surveys and analysis of equally contributed authorship bylines in biological academic journals

LIU Suqing1),ZHANG Ling2),LIN Nana3)   

  1. 1) Editorial Office of Zoological Research, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 32 Jiaochang Donglu, Wuhua District, Kunming 650223, China
    2) Editorial Office of Natural Products and Bioperspecting, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 132 Lanhei Road, Kunming 650201, China
    3) Editorial Office of Plant Diversity, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 132 Lanhei Road, Kunming 650201, China
  • Received:2019-01-10 Revised:2019-03-07 Online:2019-05-15 Published:2019-05-31

摘要:

【目的】 为相关机构合理评价科研产出,避免“同等贡献”作者署名发展成为潜在的学术不端行为提供数据基础并提出建议。【方法】 统计分析2008年、2017年生物学学科中3个相对独立领域(动物学、植物学及化学药学)的《期刊引证报告》核心合集Q1~Q4分区的各两种(共计24种)期刊中“同等贡献”作者署名的原创研究论文、综述论文的数量及占比变化,并调查分析期刊的作者投稿指南及网站声明。【结果】 19种期刊在2017年所发表的“同等贡献”作者署名研究论文和综述论文的数量均明显高于2008年;14种期刊均声明推行ICMJE或COPE作者定义;22种期刊均声明要求作者提供利益冲突声明及贡献说明;然而,无任何期刊对“同等贡献”作者署名提供界定办法或说明材料。【结论】 为避免“同等贡献”作者署名发展成为潜在的学术不端行为,进一步强化学术出版道德规范,科技期刊应大力推广并要求作者切实贯彻ICMJE及COPE作者定义,科研产出评价机构及科技出版部门需共同制定切实可行的管理办法以明确界定且合理认定作者贡献。

关键词: 科技出版, 出版诚信, 不当署名, 同等贡献作者

Abstract:

[Purposes] To evaluate the scientific research output reasonably for institutions and avoid the phenomenon of "equally contributed" authorship byline developing into a novel form of academic misconduct, this study gives the the practical suggestions based on solid data. [Methods] This study focused on three relatively independent fields of biology subject, i.e., zoology, botony, and chemistry pharmacy. Two journals from each Q1-Q4 quartile of ISI Journal Citation Reports on the Web of Science core collection of zoology, botony, and chemistry pharmacy subjects, respectively, in total of 24 scientific journals were randomly selected. Then, the quantity and percentage of the original research articles and review articles with "equally contributed" authorship bylines in 2008 and 2017 were analyzed with the instructions to authors and website statement. [Finding] The quantity of publications with "equally contributed" authorship bylines in 19 journals is significantly increased in 2017 compared with that in 2008; 14 journals declare that they implement authorship definition of ICMJE/COPE; 22 journals require authors to submit authors' statement regarding each author's contribution and potential competing interests; none of the journals provides any guidance or statement materials regarding "equally contributed" authorships. [Conclusions] We suggest that scientific journals highly recommend authorship definition of ICMJE/COPE and ask for its effective implementation among authors; the scientific output evaluating authorities and scientific publication departments should work together to establish practical administrative measures and rationally recognize authors' specific contributions, so as to avoid the phenomenon of "equally contributed" authorship byline developing into a novel form of academic misconduct and futher enhance publication ethics.

Key words: Scientific publishing, Publication ethics, Authorship misconduct, Equally contributed authorship