中国科技期刊研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 389-395.doi: 10.11946/cjstp.201704270323

• 同行评议专题 •    下一篇

开放同行评议利弊分析与建议

刘丽萍,刘春丽()   

  1. 中国医科大学图书馆,辽宁省沈阳市沈北新区蒲河路77号 110122
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-27 修回日期:2017-05-21 出版日期:2017-05-15 发布日期:2017-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 刘春丽 E-mail:liuchunliliangxu@163.com
  • 作者简介:刘丽萍(ORCID:0000-0003-2088-765X),助理馆员,E-mail: liuliping1988@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    2015年教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金(15YJC870015)

Analysis and suggestions on the advantages and disadvantages of open peer review

LIU Liping,LIU Chunli()   

  1. Library of China Medical University, 77 Puhe Road, Shenbei District, Shenyang 110122, China
  • Received:2017-04-27 Revised:2017-05-21 Online:2017-05-15 Published:2017-05-15
  • Contact: LIU Chunli E-mail:liuchunliliangxu@163.com

摘要:

【目的】分析开放同行评议的利弊,为更好地开展开放同行评议提出建议。【方法】在简单概述开放同行评议的基础上,分析了开放同行评议的利弊,最后提出完善开放同行评议模式的建议。【结果】开放同行评议能够提高论文质量、避免审稿人滥用职权、促进知识交流、消除作者和审稿人之间的等级关系,以及改善审稿流程。同时,开放同行评议也存在一些弊端,包括增加了编辑和审稿人之间的利益冲突,公众评议观点受质疑,失去不愿实名审稿人,审稿人刻意评议,作者违心修改论文等问题。【结论】将“允许匿名”作为从盲审到开放同行评议的过渡阶段,丰富开放同行评议理论,强调编辑角色和完善评议体制可进一步改善开放同行评议模式。

关键词: 开放同行评议, 公开, 同行评审流程, 同行评审质量

Abstract:

[Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of open peer review, in order to put forward a few proposals for better carrying out open peer review activities. [Methods] On the basis of a brief overview of open peer review, the advantages and disadvantages of open peer review were analyzed, and finally some suggestions were proposed to improve the open peer review mode. [Findings] Open peer review can improve the quality of papers, avoid the abuse of power of reviewers, promote knowledge exchange through academic dialogue, eliminate the hierarchical relationship between authors and reviewers, and improve the review process. At the same time, open peer review also has some drawbacks, such as increasing the conflicts of interest between editorial and peer reviewer, question of the crowdsourced review, loss of peer reviewers who do not want to reveal their names, that peer reviewers may make comments deliberately, and that the author revises the papers out of their own will. [Conclusions] Through admitting "voluntary anonymity" as a transition from blind review to open peer review, enlarging open peer review theory, highlighting the important role of editors and improving the evaluation system, the mode of open peer review can be further improved.

Key words: Open peer review, Public, Peer review process, Peer review quality