【目的】 研究COVID-19疫情暴发给学术交流及学术出版带来的深远影响。【方法】 利用文献调研法和案例分析法挖掘COVID-19疫情带来的学术环境变化,并探讨学术出版的整体变化趋势和国内外出版机构的应对方式。【结果】 COVID-19疫情改变了当前的学术交流环境:加速推进开放科学进程,快速传播的预出版模式受到青睐,开放评审促进快速学术交流,多项基金项目助力COVID-19科学研究,中国科研人员应对COVID-19反应积极而迅速。出版机构顺应学术出版的整体趋势,为科学共同体提供大量免费服务,扩大知识服务的目标群体,提供海量知识及COVID-19快速发表通道,我国出版机构应对COVID-19也采取了大量积极举措。【结论】 国内外出版机构应对突发事件时应建立学术出版应急机制,增强知识服务能力,促进知识创新及传播,以适应一个全新的快速发展的学术环境。
[Purposes] This paper aims to study the far-reaching impact of COVID-19 on academic communication and publishing. [Methods] With the methods of literature research and case study, we explored the changes in academic environment brought by COVID-19 and discussed the overall trend of academic publishing and the response of academic publishing institutions in China and abroad. [Findings] COVID-19 changed the academic environment in the following aspects: accelerating the process of open science, popularizing the rapid-transmitting pre-print mode, promoting fast academic communication by open peer view, directing more fund support to COVID-19 research, and guiding more Chinese scholars to quickly involve in COVID-19 research. Against this backdrop, academic publishing institutions took many positive measures to provide various free service for the scientific community, such as enabling the free access of more groups to knowledge service and providing a vast amount of knowledge and multiple channels for rapid publication of papers on COVID-19. [Conclusions] Academic publishing institutions in China and abroad should establish an emergency mechanism for academic publishing so as to enhance knowledge service ability and promote knowledge innovation and dissemination, thereby adapting to the new and rapidly developing academic environment.
Emergency publishing mechanism