【目的】 研究同行评议参与者角色特征信息,在角色转换过程中,根据角色信息的关联测量角色差距,通过角色建设缩减角色差距,提高同行评议质量。【方法】 采用实证分析法,从Publons平台中获取2019年Global Peer Review Awards 中Top 1% in Cross-Field的审稿人行为特征数据,采用探索性因子分析法提取同行评议参与者所承担的角色,利用结构方程拟合同行评议参与者角色信息关联模型。【结果】 同行评议参与者中的“科研角色”“评审角色”和“编辑角色”三者呈正相关,“评审角色”和“编辑角色”之间相关性最强,“科研角色”与“审稿对自身科研的影响”之间呈现负的弱相关性。【结论】 鼓励学者参与审稿,并根据精力适量审稿;鼓励扮演不同学术角色,促进自身科研水平提升;鼓励共享审稿经验,以提高年轻学者的审稿水平。
[Purposes] This paper aims to analyze the role information of peer review participants, measure role gap in role switching based on the association of role information, and narrow the gap through role construction, thereby improving peer review quality. [Methods] The data of Top 1% in Cross-Field of Publons' Global Peer Review Awards 2019 were analyzed with exploratory factor analysis method, and the roles of the participants in peer review were extracted based on exploratory factor analysis. Then, structural equation modeling was adopted to establish role association model for the participants. [Findings] The roles of "researcher", "reviewer", and "editor" were in positive correlation, and the correlation between the roles of "reviewer" and "editor" was strongest. The role of "researcher" was in weak negative correlation with "reviewer's influence on researcher". [Conclusions] Efforts should be made to encourage scholars to review papers based on their energy, to play different academic roles so as to improve their scientific research levels, and to share the review experience to help inexperienced reviewers.