[Purposes] This paper analyzes the development status of data journals, aiming to provide detailed data support for domestic peers to understand this publishing form. Meanwhile, we propose our thoughts and suggestions about development plan for domestic data journals. [Methods] A survey on the current overall development of data journals was conducted. The features such as the launch time, the type of data journals, the publishing agency, and the open access models were obtained by visiting the official website of each journal; the subject category of data journals was obtained from JCR database. For those not indexed by Web of Science, we intensively read through the “Aims and Scope” of each journal and matched them to JCR. Due to the language limit, our list includes only English- and Chinese-language data journals. [Findings] A total of 168 data journals were established worldwide, of which 162 are currently in publication. The 162 data journals cover 85 subject areas, mostly focusing on biology, medicine, ecology, environmental science, and geography and geology related disciplines. A total of 26 publishing organizations publish data journals. A total of 149 journals adopt the open access publishing model, and 102 data journals (63% of the total) have been indexed by SCI database. [Conclusions] Data journals have become an important publishing type in the field of academic publishing and the number of data journals has been increased as well. We propose that all stakeholders work together to provide more supports for domestic data journals.