中国科技期刊研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 465-473.doi: 10.11946/cjstp.202010050865

• 质量建设 • 上一篇    下一篇

学术不端撤销论文施引文献引用态度分析——以哈佛大学心脏干细胞撤稿事件为例

袁子晗1,2)(), 张红伟1)()   

  1. 1)中国农业大学情报研究中心,北京市海淀区清华东路17号 100083
    2)首都师范大学图书馆,北京市海淀区西三环北路83号 100089
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-05 修回日期:2021-01-18 出版日期:2021-04-15 发布日期:2021-04-29
  • 通讯作者: 张红伟
  • 作者简介:袁子晗(ORCID:0000-0002-5114-0084),硕士,助理馆员,E-mail: yuanzihan@cnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    2020年度教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目“我国高校科研诚信教育现状及成效的实证研究”(20YJA880081);2020年中国农业大学研究生教改研究项目“我校研究生科研诚信教育课程建设研究”(JG202038)

Citation attitudes of articles to papers retracted due to academic misconducts: Taking the retracted papers of cardiac stem cell from Harvard University as an example

YUAN Zihan1,2)(), ZHANG Hongwei1)()   

  1. 1) Information Research Center, China Agricultural University, 17 Qinghua Donglu, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China
    2) Library of Capital Normal University, 83 Xisanhuan North Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100089, China
  • Received:2020-10-05 Revised:2021-01-18 Published:2021-04-15 Online:2021-04-29
  • Contact: ZHANG Hongwei

摘要:

【目的】 分析哈佛大学心脏干细胞事件撤销论文施引文献引用态度的变化轨迹,深入探究其背后原因,为科技期刊和科研管理部门对撤稿事件的预防与治理提供参考。【方法】 在借鉴前人研究的基础上,构建出适合的引用态度标记体系和标记规则,对2314篇施引文献的引用态度进行标记和描述统计,并在研究发现的基础上展开相关讨论。【结果】 不同引用态度呈现出不同的时序变化特征,大部分学者对撤销论文的引用态度是客观谨慎的,并且随着时间推移,越来越多的研究人员加入到质疑队伍中。【结论】 建议将全文本引文分析引入到科研不端论文的预测与防治中,关注对科研不端撤稿论文持极端肯定态度的文章和作者,期刊要重视提出质疑声音的文献,并尝试追踪学术论文的连环造假等。

关键词: 撤销论文, 科研诚信, 引用态度, 引用内容分析

Abstract:

[Purposes] This paper analyzes the trend of the citation attitudes of articles to the retracted papers of cardiac stem cell from Harvard University and explores the reasons, which is expected to serve as a reference for the prevention and management of retractions by scientific journals and scientific research management departments. [Methods] On the basis of previous studies, we constructed a marking framework and rolled out related marking rules for marking and descriptive analysis of the citation attitudes of 2314 articles to the retracted papers. Finally, we discussed the findings. [Findings] Different citation attitudes showed different temporal variations. Most scholars were objective and prudent to the research content of the retracted papers. In addition, more and more scholars began to question the retracted papers as time went by. [Conclusions] We recommend full-text citation analysis for the prediction and prevention of papers with academic misconducts. Moreover, great attention should be paid to the articles and authors that hold extremely positive attitudes towards papers retracted due to academic misconducts and articles which questioned the retracted papers should be emphasized. In addition, the retracted papers-induced academic misconducts should be tracked.

Key words: Retracted paper, Research integrity, Citation attitude, Citation content analysis