中国科技期刊研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 1063-1071.doi: 10.11946/cjstp.201805310488

• 专题:开放科学 • 上一篇    下一篇

开放获取期刊的学术声誉风险及其预警研究

戴琦1),袁曦临2)()   

  1. 1) 东南大学经济管理学院,江苏省南京市玄武区四牌楼2号 210096
    2) 东南大学图书馆,江苏省南京市江宁区东南大学路2号 211189
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-31 修回日期:2018-08-03 出版日期:2018-11-15 发布日期:2018-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 袁曦临 E-mail:yuan_xl@seu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:戴 琦(ORCID:0000-0002-3896-9349),硕士研究生,E-mail:220172150@seu.edu.cn。
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究专项任务(科研诚信和学风建设)重大课题项目“学术规范和学科方法论研究”(11JDZF001)

Academic reputation risk analysis and early warning research of open access journals

DAI Qi1),YUAN Xilin2)()   

  1. 1) School of Economics and Management, Southeast University, 2 Sipailou, Xuanwu District, Nanjing 210096, China
    2) Library of Southeast University, 2 Southeast University Road, Jiangning District, Nanjing 211189, China
  • Received:2018-05-31 Revised:2018-08-03 Online:2018-11-15 Published:2018-11-15
  • Contact: YUAN Xilin E-mail:yuan_xl@seu.edu.cn

摘要:

【目的】 针对开放获取(Open Access,OA)期刊的学术声誉风险,提出识别异常OA期刊的预警方案,引导OA期刊规范出版行为,净化学术环境。【方法】 从声誉激励理论分析OA期刊学术声望的构成:先赋优势和自致努力,评估OA期刊承担的学术声誉风险维度并且提出相应指标。选择某种异常国际OA期刊进行测度分析,实证异常OA期刊识别模式的可行性,并分析该模式的适用范围。【结果】 OA期刊比传统期刊具有更明显的先赋优势,但是在后天发展过程中经常出现异常行为,主要体现在发文规模、自引行为、研究价值、作者来源和同行评议等方面。提出的识别异常OA期刊的模式具有一定的可行性,适用于自然科学以及综合类学科期刊。【结论】 OA期刊可持续发展的关键在于自致努力,异常OA期刊的识别能够帮助作者、读者筛选期刊来源,规范学术行为。

关键词: 开放获取期刊, 声誉, 先赋, 自致, 异常期刊, 风险预警

Abstract:

[Purposes] This paper proposes a method to identify abnormal Open Access (OA) journals for the current development status of OA journals. It aims at making early warnings about the academic reputation risks of OA journals, guiding OA journals in standardizing publishing behaviors, and purifying the academic environment. [Methods] We analyzed the composition of academic reputation of OA journals from the perspective of reputation incentive theory: ascribed advantages and achieved efforts. We also evaluated the dimensions of OA journals undertaking academic reputation risks and proposed corresponding indicators. An international OA journal was selected for measurement analysis and feasibility test of abnormal OA journal identification model. [Finding] OA journals have obvious ascribed advantages compared with traditional journals, but abnormal behavior often occurs in the process of acquired development, mainly in the aspects of the writing scale, self-citation, research value, author source and peer review. The abnormal OA journal identification model put forward in this paper is feasible and applicable to journals of natural science or comprehensive disciplines. [Conclusions] The key to the sustainable development of OA journals lies in their achieved efforts. Identifying abnormal OA journals can help authors and readers screen journal sources and normalize academic behavior.

Key words: Open access journal, Reputation, Ascribed advantage, Achieved effort, Abnormal journal, Risk early warning