Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals ›› 2021, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (7): 917-926. doi: 10.11946/cjstp.202104060289

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Research progress on academic misconducts in China in 2006-2020 and literature review

ZHANG Yingli1)(), RONG Huagang2)   

  1. 1) Department of Education, Henan Normal University, 46 Jianshe Avenue, Muye District, Xinxiang 453007, China
    2) School of Marxism, Xinxiang Medical University, 601 Jinsui Avenue, Hongqi District, Xinxiang 453003, China
  • Received:2021-04-06 Revised:2021-05-20 Online:2021-07-15 Published:2021-07-15


张英丽1)(), 戎华刚2)   

  1. 1)河南师范大学教育学部,河南省新乡市牧野区建设路46号 453007
    2)新乡医学院马克思主义学院,河南省新乡市红旗区金穗大道601号 453003
  • 作者简介:张英丽(ORCID:0000-0003-1368-0175),博士,教授,博士生导师,E-mail:|戎华刚,博士,教授,硕士生导师
  • 基金资助:


[Purposes] This study analyzes the research progress and hot spots on academic misconducts in China from 2006 to 2020 and summarizes the main topics and limitations, which is expected to lay a basis for further research on and development of targeted and effective management systems for academic misconducts. [Methods] Related CSSCI-indexed papers which were published in 2006-2020 were retrieved from CNKI and thereby the current research on academic misconducts in China was analyzed from the following three aspects: number of papers, hot spots, and review. [Findings] The number of papers on academic misconducts tends to ramp up and the research hot spots are academic misconducts of papers and detection, prevention, and control of academic misconducts. The papers all suggest profound but different understandings of academic misconducts, comprehensively analyze the causes in spite of no description of the interaction among them, and discuss diverse management strategies despite the lack of practical evaluation. [Conclusions] Although the research on academic misconducts in China is fruitful, in-depth and practice-oriented research should be further strengthened. Thus, the following suggestions are put forward: proposing definitions that serve the goal of prevention and control, strengthening research on the role of editors and academic journals in academic misconduct management, the occurrence mechanism of academic misconducts, and the evaluation of the effects of management strategies, and empirical research, and establishing a targeted and effective management system.

Key words: Academic misconduct, Domestic research, Research progress, Literature review


【目的】 分析2006—2020年国内学术不端相关研究进展与热点、梳理相关主题观点及不足,为后续研究和更具针对性、实效性的学术不端治理体系建设提供依据和建议。【方法】 检索中国知网收录的2006—2020年的CSSCI论文,从发文量变化、研究热点分析、主要观点述评三个方面分析国内学术不端研究状况。【结果】 学术不端发文量呈总体增长趋势;研究热点是论文学术不端、学术不端检测与防治;对学术不端含义的认识较深刻但仍有分歧、对成因的分析较全面但缺乏关联、对治理的探究较周密但仍有欠缺。【结论】 国内学术不端研究虽成果丰硕,但在广度、深度、对实践的关照上仍有待加强,建议未来研究提出服务于防治目标的定义,加强编辑和学术期刊在学术不端治理中作用的研究,加强实证研究并深入探究其发生机制,加强对现有治理策略成效的评估研究,探索构建更具针对性和实效性的学术不端治理体系。

关键词: 学术不端, 国内研究, 研究进展, 文献述评