【目的】 分析高校学报的整体现状,并调研2013—2020年高校学报的更名情况,以期为高校学报更名提供数据支撑。【方法】 依托维普中文科技期刊数据库,从宏观角度统计分析高校学报的更名情况,利用国家新闻出版署官方网站具体分析高校学报更名事项,采用文献调研法和类比法分析高校学报更名后面临的问题和发展措施。【结果】 高校学报更名时有发生,且高校学报更名比例略高于学术期刊总体的更名比例。根据更名原因将高校学报更名分为被动更名和主动更名,其中因主管、主办单位等变更引起的学报“被动更名”占更名学报总量的59.1%,学报为转型升级、谋求发展对刊名、业务范围等的“主动更名”占40.9%,是学报特色化、精品化发展的一种策略。从主办单位及出版语种、出版周期、学科分布、地域分布、更名频次等角度分析学报的主动更名情况。从主动更名学报的四大阵营来看:主办单位的整体学术水平影响期刊的学术水平;双月刊所占比例最大;更名学报主要集中在社科、医药领域,自然科学领域较少;更名学报的地域分布不均衡;频繁更名不利于期刊的稳定发展,且存在一定的负面效应。【结论】 更名不是期刊的唯一出路,且更名不应该是学报的结束,而应该是期刊新的开始。
[Purposes] This paper analyzes the overall situation of university journals before and after the renaming, and investigates the renamed university journals in 2013-2020, which is expected to provide data support for the renaming of university journals.[Methods] We statistically analyzed the proportion of renamed university journals with reference to China Science and Technology Journal Database and elucidated the reasons for the renaming according to the information released on the official website of National Press and Publication Administration. With the methods of literature research and analogy, we further discussed the challenges facing the journals after renaming and the countermeasures.[Findings] Renaming is common among university journals, and the proportion of renamed university journals is slightly higher than that of the overall renamed academic journals. The names were changed either for the variation of sponsor/competent organization (passive, 59.1%), or for transformation, upgrading, and development (active, 40.9%). The latter aims to seek unique characteristics and high quality. Thus, for journals which actively changed the names, we further analyzed the sponsors, languages, publishing cycle, disciplines, geographical distribution, and renaming frequency. The result shows that the levels of such journals are influenced by the academic levels of the sponsors and that bimonthly journals take up a large proportion. Moreover, these journals are mostly about social science and medicine and scarcely on natural science, with uneven geographical distribution. Frequent renaming is unfavorable for the stable development of journals and even has negative influence. [Conclusions] Renaming is not the only way out for journals, which marks the new beginning rather than the end of them.
Active change of journal name,
Passive change of journal name