【目的】 从国际STM出版集团的经营发展过程中探寻对我国学术期刊发展的有益经营理念。【方法】 采用文献检索和案例分析的方法对国际STM出版集团的经营模式进行分析。【结果】 顺应时代和产业发展要求的经营理念贯穿四大国际STM出版集团的发展历程,从而指导STM出版集团实现数字出版代替纸质出版,从传统出版商向知识服务商转变。知识服务是出版领域下一阶段的发展方向已经成为共识,借鉴国际STM出版集团的经营理念对我国科技期刊抓住机遇、探求从传统出版业向知识服务的转型道路具有非常重要的现实意义。【结论】 借鉴国际STM出版集团的经营理念,出版管理部门应积极引导出版机构转变观念,建立复合型人才队伍,从用户需求出发提升核心数据竞争力并打造多元化技术平台,实现社会效益和经济效益的双重发展,从而走出有中国特色的知识服务转型道路。
[Purposes] This paper summarizes the business philosophy of international STM (Science, Technology, and Medicine) publishing groups, which is expected to serve as a reference for the development of Chinese academic journals. [Methods] We analyzed the development progress of the four major international STM publishing groups (Wiley, Elsevier, Springer Nature, and Taylor & Francis) with the methods of literature retrieval and case study. [Findings] The four major international STM publishing groups uphold the common business philosophy of responding to the call of the times and meeting the needs of industry development, thereby successfully transforming to digital publishing and knowledge service. It has become a consensus that knowledge service is the future development direction of the publishing industry. Thus, it is of great practical significance for the transformation of traditional publishing industry to knowledge services under the current situation to learn from the business philosophy of international STM publishing groups. [Conclusions] Drawing on the business philosophy of international STM publishing groups, the management departments of publishing industry in China should actively guide publishers to break the tradition, establish interdisciplinary talent teams, improve core data competitiveness basing on user requirements, and build diversified technology platforms, thereby blazing a trail for the transformation to knowledge services with Chinese characteristics.