【目的】 研究国际出版机构期刊集群化发展的不同模式,为国内期刊的集群化建设提供参考。【方法】 利用Web of Science数据库对比近年来国际出版集团的期刊数量及载文数量,调研和分析国际大型出版机构的发展现状。【结果】 结合案例分析,将国际出版机构的集群化模式主要归纳为两种:一种是以兼并重组和不断创办新刊的模式快速扩张;另一种是顺应新型出版潮流和市场需求,创办OA期刊以实现规模化和集群化。【结论】 从几大出版集团的发展趋势来看,集群化已成为期刊做大做强的重要策略,是增强市场竞争的有效途径之一。
[Purposes] This paper aims to study the different clustering modes of international journal publishers, which is expected to serve as a reference for the clustering development of Chinese publishers. [Methods] Based on Web of Science, the number of journals and papers of four major international publishers in recent years was compared and the history and development status of them were investigated and analyzed. [Findings] Through case study, the clustering model of international publishers can be categorized into rapid expansion which is dominated by merger and reorganization and continuous launch of new journal and establishment of OA journals to meet the market demand. [Conclusions] From the developing trend of major international publishers, clustering has become an important strategy for journals to become bigger and stronger. It is also one of the effective ways to integrate resources and change the present status of China's scienpngic journals.
Merger and reorganization,
Launch of new journals,