中国科技期刊研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 1164-1170.doi: 10.11946/cjstp.202009060799

• 质量建设 • 上一篇    下一篇

学术期刊作者贡献声明规范建设与思考

初景利1,2)(), 解贺嘉1,2)   

  1. 1) 中国科学院文献情报中心,北京市海淀区中关村北四环西路33号 100190
    2) 中国科学院大学经济与管理学院图书情报与档案管理系,北京市海淀区中关村北四环西路33号 100190
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-06 修回日期:2020-09-26 出版日期:2020-10-15 发布日期:2020-11-18
  • 作者简介:初景利(ORCID:0000-0003-0723-3985),博士,教授,E-mail:chujl@mail.las.ac.cn。|解贺嘉,博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院科学传播局2020年资助课题“中国科学院科技期刊能力建设研究”

Normative construction and thinking of author contribution statement in academic journals

CHU Jingli1,2)(), XIE Hejia1,2)   

  1. 1) National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 33 Beisihuan Xilu, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing 100190, China
    2) Department of Library, Information and Archives Management, School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 33 Beisihuan Xilu, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2020-09-06 Revised:2020-09-26 Published:2020-10-15 Online:2020-11-18

摘要:

【目的】 明确作者贡献声明的重要意义与建设内容,为完善作者贡献声明规范提供参考。【方法】 采用文献调研与网络调研方法,对作者贡献声明的产生、作用、研究实践进行系统梳理与总结,并提出建议。【结果】 作者贡献声明产生于署名制度危机并逐渐走向规范化、制度化。学术期刊对作者贡献声明缺乏足够的重视。CRediT是一种重要的作者贡献规范,需要根据学科与知识贡献加以改进。进一步加强作者贡献要素标准化的研究,建立贡献要素权重与作者贡献大小的关系框架。【结论】 完善学术期刊作者贡献声明规范应明确作者贡献声明标注规范,建立分学科的作者贡献要素词表,建立基于作者贡献声明的科研评价体系。

关键词: 作者贡献声明, CRediT, 贡献要素, 学术规范, 科研评价

Abstract:

[Purposes] This paper is to clarify the significance and construction content of author contribution statement, so as to provide references for improving the specification of author contribution statement. [Methods] Using literature research and online research methods, this paper systematically sorted out and summarized the author contribution statement system from its origin, function, and research practice, and made suggestions. [Findings] The author contribution statement originated from the crisis of the signature system and gradually became standardized and institutionalized. Academic journals pay insufficient attention to author contribution statement. CRediT is an important author contribution specification, which can be improved according to the discipline. Academic journals in China should strengthen the research on the standardization of author contribution factors, and establish a framework for the relationship between the weight of contribution factors and the author contribution. [Conclusions] In order to improve the specification of author contribution statement, it is necessary to define the marking specification of author contribution statement, establish a word list of author contribution factors for different disciplines, and develop a scientific research evaluation system based on author contribution statement.

Key words: Author contribution statement, CRediT, Contribution factor, Academic norm, Research evaluation