【目的】 分析PubMed数据库中因不同原因撤销的我国论文的文献计量学特征以及净化效果。【方法】 收集2005—2014年PubMed因不同原因而撤销的我国学术论文的地区、期刊分布情况;分析撤销论文数量随时间的变化趋势以及撤销论文的撤销时滞和净化效果。【结果】 共检索到撤销的中国论文370篇,撤销原因中,剽窃类型最多,错误次之,其次为重复发表、学术道德问题。因错误和学术不端撤销的论文数量逐年增长。湖北、上海、北京、山东、江苏、浙江、广东、台湾、黑龙江、陕西、重庆显示度比较高。期刊的分布比较分散,表现规律不明显。各种类型净化时间成本均衡。除其他类型外,各种类型论文撤销后学术净化效果显著。【结论】 揭示了我国生物医学类论文撤销的主要原因及不同原因撤销论文的净化效果。建议编辑、期刊、数据库出版商应当规范和完善撤销声明和撤销原因的标注,避免引用撤销后的论文,共同净化学术环境。
[Purposes] This paper aims to analyze bibliometrics characteristics and purification effect of Chinese articles which were retracted for different reasons in the PubMed database. [Methods] The paper analyzed the distribution of regions and journals of articles in China which were retracted for different reasons in PubMed database from 2005 to 2014. The relationship between time and number of retracted articles for different reasons, time-to-retraction, and purification effect were analyzed. [Findings] A total of 370 Chinese articles were retracted. Among different reasons of retractions, plagiarism ranked first, followed by error, duplicate publication, and academic moral problem. The types of error and academic misconduct increased year by year. Hubei, Shanghai, Beijing, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Taiwan, Heilongjiang, Shaanxi, and Chongqing showed highly in a relative manner. The distribution of journals scattered and the regularity was not obvious. Various types of purification time cost were equal. In addition to other types, the purification effect of the rest types of retracted articles was obvious. [Conclusions] The main reasons for retraction of papers and the purification effect of papers retracted for different reasons are revealed. It is suggested that editors and publishers of journals and database should standardize and improve the annotation of the retracted statement and retracted reasons to avoid citing retracted papers and join hands to purify academia.
付中静. PubMed数据库中我国论文撤销原因及学术影响力分析[J]. 中国科技期刊研究, 2017, 28(4): 293-299.
FU Zhongjing. An empirical study on reasons of the Chinese retracted articles in PubMed database and its academic influence[J]. Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals, 2017, 28(4): 293-299.