摘要： 【目的】系统介绍研究要素出版的概念、类型、出版现状和影响力，探讨在开放科学背景下其对学术出版模式的意义和潜在影响。【方法】 通过网络调研法对研究要素出版的概念、类型和出版现状进行了详细调查，采用Web of Science数据分析了研究要素论文的影响力。【结果】 研究要素论文主要关注研究过程中的研究要素，主要包括数据论文、软件论文、材料和方法类论文以及综合类论文。【结论】 研究要素论文作为新兴学术出版类型，为研究要素发表提供了全新的学术平台，更好地契合了开放科学背景下科研交流的需求和模式，但其也存在诸如质量控制机制不健全等不足。
Abstract: ［Purposes］This paper aims to systematically introduce the concept, type, current situation and impact of Research Elements Publishing (REP), and to explore its significance and potential influence in the background of Open Science.［Methods］The concept, type, and current situation of REP were investigated by using the network survey method, and the impact of REP articles was analyzed by using data exported from Web of Science (WoS).［Findings］REP is a new peer-reviewed article format that focuses on elements involved in the research cycle： data, software, materials and methods. According to WoS, REP has received attention manifested by citation times.［Conclusions］ Some elements of the research cycle deserve more attention than they usually take in traditional journals. As an emerging scholarly publication type, REP provides a brand new publishing platform for scientists. It can better serve scholarly communication in the background of Open Science. However, REP also has limitations such as no solid quality assurance mechanism etc.