摘要： 【目的】研究中文文献数据库中撤销论文的分布规律，以期发现国内期刊撤销论文的特点。【方法】 检索中国知网、维普、万方数据库，对撤销论文的撤销时间、撤销时滞、撤销原因、被引等情况进行分析。【结果】 共撤销论文211篇，其中医药卫生类论文128篇。撤销原因主要是非正常手段获取他人的研究成果、擅自发表他人的研究成果、抄袭剽窃、重复发表等，占68.2%（144/211），且医药卫生类、非医药卫生类论文撤销原因排序与所有学科一致；平均撤销时滞13.6个月；仍有144篇撤销论文可被检索到，其中63篇论文撤销后被引次数在1次以上。【结论】 撤销论文有较长的时滞性，论文撤销后未被数据库删除或标记，仍可被引用，期刊编辑部和数据库应重视对撤销论文的后续处理。
Abstract: ［Purposes］ This paper aims to study the distribution regularities of retracted articles in Chinese document databases, and find the characteristics of the retracted articles in the domestic journals.［Methods］ Data were collected from three Chinese document databases. This paper made analysis on the time of publication, time-to-retraction, the retraction reason and the citation of retracted articles.［Findings］ Our study finds 211 retracted articles. The main reasons was obtaining others’ research results by abnormal means or publishing others’ research without authorization, plagiarism and duplicated publication. The proportion was 68.2% (144/211). The order of the reason of medical or non-medical articles was the same with all subjects. Time-to-retraction was average 13.6 months. 144 articles after being retracted were still researched, among which 63 articles were cited more than once.［Conclusions］Time-to-retraction is long. Retracted articles can still be cited if they cannot be deleted or marked. Journals or databases’ editors should pay more attention to the subsequent tracking of retracted articles.
文 敏. 中文文献数据库中撤销论文的分布规律研究[J]. 中国科技期刊研究, 2016, 27(11): 1151-1155.
WEN Min. Distribution regularities of retracted articles in Chinese document databases[J]. Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals, 2016, 27(11): 1151-1155.